Advantages and Disadvantages of Sustainable Agriculture
Sustainable agriculture is a term that is used to define farming practices that are conducted with three main aims; environmental conservation, economic profitability as well as social equity. In simple terms, it can merely be referred to as responsible farming. It entails farming with the goal of obtaining better yields while making sure that the environment is well protected to support farming even in several years to come.
Sustainable agriculture has quite a number of advantages, the reason why most governments today are advocating for farmers to adopt it. One thing that should be noted about sustainable agriculture is that it does not advocate for the use of chemicals and commercial fertilizers in the cultivation of crops. The reason for this is because the commercial fertilizers that are being manufactured today contain harsh ingredients that alter the PH levels of soil and also leave certain harmful effects on the environment that can pollute it in various ways, hindering soil fertility. Thus, sustainable agriculture is advantageous in that, it helps in the preservation of the natural ecosystem, thus, healthy produce.
It should be noted that sustainable agriculture does not only cover crops but animals too. It promotes the culture of raising animals through feeding on natural feeds, avoiding the use of commercial pesticides among other practices that may negatively impact the lives of animals. Through sustainable agriculture, there is better protection of animal species, creating a natural balance in the ecosystem. By feeding animals on natural diets, farmers are able to bring up healthy animals that can fetch the best prices in the market. Besides, if the farmers are kept for products like milk or even beef, they are able to give bountiful yields.
Since sustainable agriculture advocates for the use of locally obtained supplies and conventional farming methods, farmers are able to save more on the cost of maintaining their farms. The use of fossil fuels will be significantly reduced, thus, cutting down the overall costs of practicing agriculture while also conserving the environment.
Biodiversity is yet another advantage of sustainable agriculture. This form of agriculture advocates for the production of various kinds of plant and animal species. Besides, plants are cultivated in rotations leading to enriched soil and also prevention of the spread of diseases and pests outbreaks.
There are also a few disadvantages of sustainable agriculture, one of which is that this kind of farming limits the proper use of land. Besides, it also hinders the full exploitation of land, labor and capital since it advocate for the use of productive resources sparingly. On the other hand, it is also not very easy to maintain the fertility of soil by simply rotating crops on the same piece of land. Since sustainable agriculture stresses on the need to use land sparingly, the income that is generated from farming is also very limited. In fact, it does not give the farmers room to exploit their full potential.
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