A Research Proposal on Cross Cultural Comparison

Cross-cultural studies in psychology is a scientific field that deals with human behavior using their cultural differences. These studies led to the formation of cultural dimensions theory which had six dimensions. For instance, the power dimension index (PDI) shows how weak societies accept stronger ones. Americans rate forty while Chinese rate at eighty on PDI scale while on individualism china is at twenty while America at ninety-one. However, researchers in Hong Kong argued that the research was biased towards Americans and rejected these studies. This led to the Chinese develop their own that favored them. Child psychologists address child abuse, special needs, bullying, and learning disabilities. However, different cultures have different issues associated with them. Due to the tendency of psychologists relocating to new countries or children moving out to other regions in the world, it is important to study new cultures and establish their similarities and differences to address the issues effectively. This research aim at establishing the difference in personality traits between child psychologists of America and those of China.

According to prior studies, researchers had explored the differences between Chinese culture and an American one. Some of the differences focus on the relationship among the people, respect to the first class, communications about other countries, treatment to seniors and elders, creating and value of friendship, and view of rights and freedom. However, this research will constrict its self on the personality traits of Chinese child Psychologists and American ones. It will explore both child psychologists in America and China trying to find their similarities and differences. This differences and similarities will fill the research gap to help current and future psychologists to establish ways to address issues of children from such areas. The hypothesis that I will be testing is “There are no specific differences between child psychologists of America and China.”

The research will comprise a sample of 200 participants both male and female. The sample is filtered using race (Chinese and Americans only), and both literate and illiterate fellows. To collect the data, online questionnaire, observations and online interviews will be administered to participants. Online interviews will be used to find the right sample to carry out the study. The online interviews will be carried out through Skype, WeChat and WhatsApp video chat. After establishing the appropriate sample, online questionnaires are given to respondents through their emails. The questionnaires will consist of four sections where the first section gather information about the participants and the other sections concentrate on answering questions related to the hypothesis. This questionnaire will be analyzed qualitatively using ground theory approach where all data recorded and observations between the psychologists will be checked critically to come up with a valid conclusion.

From this study, it is expected to have some similarities between child psychologist of America and those of China. However, there are several differences between the psychologists of these two countries due to their different locations, religion, ethnicity and also race. Due to no freedom of expression in China, child psychologists are expected to be problem solvers by giving children time to express her self freely. American child psychologists are expected to adhere to high ethical standards as written down by the American Psychological Association. Also, American child psychologists are expected to be more patient with kids to make sure that the final verdict given to the kid helps him or her to mitigate the issues or help him/her improve performance.

 

References

Berry, J. W., Berry, J. W., Poortinga, Y. H., Segall, M. H., & Dasen, P. R. (2002). Cross-cultural psychology: Research and applications. Cambridge University Press.

Bryant, S (2018) “Identifying cultural differences and similarities: China vs. the US” Retrieved from https://countrynavigator.com/blog/global-talent/cultural-differences-us-vs-china/

Roberts, S. O., Guo, C., Ho, A. K., & Gelman, S. A. (2018). Children’s descriptive-to-prescriptive tendency replicates (and varies) cross-culturally: Evidence from China. Journal of experimental child psychology165, 148-160.

Yu, J., Cheah, C. S., Hart, C. H., & Yang, C. (2018). Child inhibitory control and maternal acculturation moderate effects of maternal parenting on Chinese American children’s adjustment. Developmental psychology54(6), 1111.