Architecture Sample Paper on Interior Design Report

Wall Type, Features and Wall Selection

            Walls play important roles as part of the human habitat. They are known to offer security and protection from attacks from animals, they offer privacy to inhabitants and protect them from adverse weather conditions. Walls also partition rooms and tend to deter the spread of fire. They are an important aesthetic value and reflect the culture of the people. The selection of walls depends on the role, durability, and existing local conditions (“Walls-Types, Features and Design Concept”). There are various materials used in the construction of such as wood that is preferred for its beauty and ability to offer comfort. The blocks are best suited in areas of extreme hot or cold conditions. Walls are classified into two types; load bearing walls that have the ability to carry the weight above.

Window Design and Choice

Silk panels are considered the traditional way of improving the image of windows through for instance contemporary twists or use of two colors of silk. In the case of kitchen windows, valences are considered to be ideal for improving the look of the windows. Valence covers the small upper part of the window, and they can be alongside other apparels. They not only enhance the beauty of the kitchen but they can also be used to conceal some bad elements of the wall (“Window Designs Casement and More”). The selection and design of the valences depend on the design; could be semicircular, straight or triangular and colors also play a critical determinant in the selection.

The choice of the nature, material, and design of windows widely depends on the weather conditions and the culture of the resident. The durability and function of the window dictate the selection of material; the following are various regions and the selection of the windows;

Pacific Northwestern- the residents of these regions, prefer a window with appealing outside views, this, therefore, dictates that glass is the main material used. The selection of materials includes vinyl, wood resin, and fiber glass. The windows should be resistant to heat transferability. Southeast-due to extreme weather patterns, these regions require windows with insulation. The materials chosen should be of good solar resistance. Midwest- these areas have a strong wing, heavy rainfall and sometimes tornadoes. Casement windows perform well under such conditions.


Floor and the Different Types.

The choice of floor often determines the value of the house. The following are the major types of floors mostly preferred and their advantage and disadvantage.

Laminate Flooring- is the economical choice with durable material that is resistant to stains and also easy to put in place. Its disadvantage is that it does not give much value to the house and that it is not easy to rehabilitate it. It is also very susceptible to stagnant water.

Hardwood floor- this one adds beauty and value to the house hence easy to get a buyer easily. This floor offers the possibility for finishing or repairs (“Different Types of Flooring”). This type of floor is not attractive if the wood used is full of scars and it warps upwards in case of moisture.

Stone Flooring– this is durable, and not only water resistant but also improves the looks of the house. Its drawbacks are that it holds up moisture and is slippery. Tile Flooring­– tiles are easy to replace, can withstand moisture and are durable. Their disadvantage is that they easily shutter or crack when a heavy object is dropped. Further, they become slippery when fluids spill on them. Carpet Flooring- a carpet is the easiest and cheapest way of flooring. The materials and patterns used sometime improve the visual levels of a house. Even though the carpets are susceptible to tearing and are a nuisance to holding fluids and are difficult to clean.

Seven Elements of Interior Design

Space is the most important determinant the designer must consider in terms of its dimensions and utilities. A space filled with items like furniture is positive as compared to an empty space. The line gives patterns that bring harmony, unity, and contrast. The horizontal line is synonymous to the table, floor and even bed, the vertical can be found on windows and doors. Form refers to the general outline in terms of shape and size. Can be developed by combining more than two shapes and even accentuated by colour or texture (“7 Elements of Interior Design”). Light- without either manmade or natural light, the other elements like color and form may not be perceived. Light placement, luminosity, and colour set in the mood. Windows are crucial in determining the natural lighting of a room. Color- this one also sets the mood, shows the connectivity of various items. Different colors have varied values, hue and intensity, that connote distinct permutations and combinations. Texture– is the factor of surfaces and determines how a typical surface looks and feels. The texture is classified into two types – Visual Texture and Actual Texture where the texture is both seen and felt. Finally is the Pattern- patterns offer their story and give transition in the living space. Patterns can be attractive or repetitive designs.

Lighting and Types of Light Sources.

The nature of light solely depends on the source, that is, the bulb, for energy saving purposes, one has to choose the bulb that gives the type of lighting needed. The different types of bulbs include the LED (Light Emitting Diodes)-is the most long lasting source of light that apparently being used in cabinet lighting and some types of down-lights (“Types of Light Sources and Light Bulbs”). Incandescent- these bulbs are lees energy sufficient and are most preferred in an area that requires more light intensity and brightness. Fluorescent- These are available in a wide spectrum of colours, nowadays these tubes can produce warm tones just like the incandescent bulbs. High Intensity Discharge they are energy efficient with relatively long lifespan, they don’t produce a pleasing tone of light hence preferably used in outdoor lighting.

The Reception Area

The reception gives the first impression of an organization. There are various materials used for instance wood and glass and also come in various shapes, for instance, circular, rectangular or any other shape. Not only is it supposed to give the beauty aspect, but also the other values as it is the place where most front office businesses take place (“The Importance of the Reception area”). The reception desk should have storage spaces and safes to keep important document further it should allow the computer and telephone wiring and that these are not exposed to visitors.

The lobby area should not be alienated from other office spaces; it creates a good impression if the visitors can have a glimpse of other parts of the office. For improved company image, considerations for continued changing of the lobby area come in handy.


Equipment Needed to Start a Salon

The items needed can be categorized into two broadly with regard to their functions. For instance, the hair equipment that entails the salon station, mirrors, and chairs. The selection of shampoo bowls should be in a way that they can be used by many customers (“Design Own Salon Floor Plan”). Dries though considered old fashioned, still serve a great role in a salon, since a stylist can have one client under a drier and while attending to another one. The nails related facilities include the chairs and nail rags and drying lamps.



“Different Types of Flooring.” Pro Referral.

“Design Own Salon Floor Plan.”

“The Importance of the Reception area.” Advanced Furniture Solutions.

“Types of Light Sources and Light Bulbs.” American Lighting Association.

“Walls-Types, Features and Design Concept.” The Constructor

“Window Designs Casement and More.” HGTV

“7 Elements of Interior Design.” Launchpad Academy. Jan. 2, 2017