Arts in Time: The Mediterranean Sea artwork

Arts in Time: The Mediterranean Sea artwork



In both worlds, knowledge on the place and time is a significant factor in comprehending and embracing any form of work. Examining the unfolding of art in other cultures is fascinating and introduces the public to other perceptions about art, the roles of art in a society, and diverse directions arts can take. In both civilizations, metals and stones were mainly used as the major materials in artwork. The Greek sculptors borrowed some creativity from the Egyptians as depicted in the small bronze figures. In the models of anonymous boys, the Egyptian pose is featured with one leg forward, arms at the sides and clenched hands. The Egyptian grid system has further been applied in the classical art as the sculptures are defined in a squared-off.


The Mediterranean Sea artwork

The oldest western art originated from the Mediterranean Sea in Africa around 3000 BCE. During this period, diverse ancient civilizations evolved, overlapped, and interacted to become the present world. A detailed wall painting in the Chauvet cave in France dates back to the Upper Paleolithic era of the Lascaux in France is an example of the artwork created during that era. The discovery of the Chauvet is the oldest known painting in Europe depicting a horse in a pregnant condition. in this model, feathery forms appear in its forelegs with algebraic symbols portrayed above it. The painting, just like of similar animals discovered in that era is finely executed because of the long traditions. The exact meanings of the paintings are however unknown. Experts assume that the paintings may be symbolic of either mythical spirits in the other world, or migration patterns, or even still a special gathering for ritual occasions.

A statute of a little female serves as an emblem of the origin of art, other than the Chauvet cave painting. The sculpture is made of stone about 25,000 years ago, near a town in the present-day Austria, and referred to as the Venus of Willendorf. This sculptor has mostly been It is, however, a strange creation, which depicts the goddess of love. The name was however given by the modern scholars to depict the sexual ideal of the image. The statute was nevertheless a fertility image possibly used as an amulet. It is amusing that only its childbearing associations, the belly, breasts, and pubic area, have been stressed. The emphasis on the childbearing features highlights the meanings of childbearing during the millennia period. This emphasis further enlightens us about the significance of children as a symbol for the continuation of life in future. Likewise, it is clear that childbearing process was an unknown phenomenon to the people in that period. No wonder, they associated the process with magic and rituals.

The Classical World: Greece and Rome

From the 9000 BCE to the Paleolithic period, Neolithic period evolved to the emergence of agriculture with people diverting their focus from hunting and gathering to the domestication of animals and cultivation of fruits. Stonehenge is a renowned monument that defines the Neolithic culture. Unlike art in the Mediterranean region, art from the Stone Age period is fragmentary and isolated by period, region, and artistic tradition. In studying this art, it is essential to keep in mind the cultures that have preserved art and the environment such as Mesopotamia in Africa. This is a region between Tigris and Euphrates River that has fertile soil suitable for farming, and economic developments, which called for the need for documentation. The Sumerians preserved their records through dried mud. Contrary to other forms of art, the Sphinx in Egypt was a stable art that defined power and continuity of the Pharaoh kingdom.

Classical refers to the ancient Greek and ancient Rome cultures that are indicative of the aesthetic bias of being the best of a kind. This implies that ancient Greeks and Romans desired to attain the highest artistic standards. The Greeks excelled in numerous fields, including art, since they were the first people to speculate the nature and role of artwork. The Greek architecture and sculpture influenced the Rome artwork through their vivid painting, as depicted by the Greek philosophers through the images. Unfortunately, no artwork has survived to date, and their records have been obtained from the portraits that clearly describe the works. An example of the Greek pottery is the Krater, which was a vessel used for wine as well as a grave marker. Their existence near the grave illustrates their use as libations and illustration of a funeral..

From the artwork along the graveyards, the Egyptians had lavish burials as compared to the Greeks whose burials were bleak. The Egyptians were optimistic of life after death, whereas the Greek were not so optimistic. The early works left their art partially embedded in the granite block they were carved from whereas the classical figures are completely released from the granite stone, and both legs and arms have space between them. Loincloths covered the sculptors of the Greek whereas the Classical models were nude. This was apart from the neck ornament and elaborated hairstyle. The Egyptians defined their models, mainly from the rulers and authoritative figures, whereas the Greek modeled anonymous figures. Unlike the statutes of the boys in Greek, female statues were always fully covered. The roles these statues played, apart from being grave markers, also varied. The classical models were offerings at the sanctuaries