Benefits and Hazards of Aerobic and Anaerobic Exercise for Middle-Aged Adults

Benefits and Hazards of Aerobic and Anaerobic Exercise for Middle-Aged Adults

Working out has been linked to the significant reduction of cardiovascular diseases in middle-aged adults. Medical practitioners recommend both aerobic and anaerobic exercises to reduce the chances of contracting CV diseases. Conversely, these exercises can also have a negative impact on the health of mature adults (Pollock et al. 9).

First, both aerobic and anaerobic exercises are beneficial as they help in lowering the risks of various ailments. Middle-aged adults are at higher risk of developing lifestyle related diseases such as high blood pressure and regular exercising helps to keep such ailments at bay. As mentioned earlier, this is that age bracket that comes with so many complications and exercise is the sure way of ensuring that the body remains healthy. In contrast, the performance of both aerobic and anaerobic activities by older adults can be detrimental to their general health and wellbeing as they may create other health risks. As the years progress, middle-aged adults tend to become more prone to age-related diseases and conditions, some of which are accelerated by intense cardiovascular activities hence intensifying the ailments that may not have been diagnosed (Kessler, Susan, and Kevin 9).

Further, both types of exercises aid in the supply of oxygen to the body system and improve general physical health and wellness. Aerobic exercises are important as they cause individuals to breathe deeply which enhances the performance of the lungs. On the other hand, since middle-aged adults are often exposed to conditions that they may not be aware of, intensive exercising may cause complications and negative health implications.  (Hunter, John, and Marcas 7).

In addition, lifestyle diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure are rampant among middle-aged people; these exercises are significant as they reduce the chances of complications such as heart failure among middle-aged individuals. Conversely, since the middle-aged adults are often exposed to conditions that they may not be aware of, it may bring about complications and subsequent health implications. These exercises can lead to accidental death which may have been caused by conditions such as high blood pressure among others

More, continuous aerobic and anaerobic exercises help to replenish worn out cells and thus aid in the maintenance of a youthful appearance. With exercises, one can tighten one’s muscles and burn excess fat. Both these consequences result in weight loss, which is a desired outcome for most middle-aged people. Excessive weight amongst middle-aged persons increases the chances of cardiovascular diseases. It is therefore crucial for overweight persons to engage in both aerobic and anaerobic exercises to help reduce chances of cardiovascular diseases. Various research findings have revealed the benefits associated with aerobic and anaerobic exercises which should not be ignored. On the contrary, aerobic and anaerobic exercises may lead to the sagging of a person’s skin after the weight loss which may lead to a loss of self-confidence thus lowering their self-esteem.

These exercises further help in supplying enough blood to the brain preventing the middle-aged individuals from instances of memory loss. At this age, they have high chances of developing Alzheimer which is the loss of memory. Doing these exercises will help in boosting their memory leading to a more vibrant life. Conversely, too much of these exercises may lead to complications that may have otherwise been prevented through avoiding the exercises. During this age, moderation and professional advice should be key coupled with other measures or habits that maintain the health of the middle-aged.

Based on the above points, it is understood that although regular physical activity is good for physical health, and even though both aerobic and anaerobic exercises have their strengths and benefits for older people, mature adults should carefully consider the current state of their bodily well-being and take the advice of a medical professional before embarking on any rigorous exercise plan.





Hunter, G.R., McCarthy, J.P., and. Bamman. M.M. Effects of resistance training on

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Kessler, H.S., Sisson, S.B., and Short, K.R. The potential for high-intensity interval training to reduce cardiometabolic disease risk. Sports medicine 42.6 (2012): 489-509.

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Pollock, M.L., Gaesser, G.A., Butcher, J.D., Després, J-P, Dishman, R.K., Franklin, B.A., and Garber, C.E. ACSM position stand: The recommended quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness, and flexibility in healthy adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc 30.6 (1998): 975-991. Retrieved from: