Business Paper on Gender Inequality in the Workplace

Gender inequality is a widespread issue around the world. Why do the males typically have more power than female, no matter the situation? Gender inequality is entrenched in the Chinese tradition. The practices that disadvantage women are widespread and have been practiced for a long time not only in China but also other counties, such that they feel right to a lot of people. The fact that they are internalized makes it difficult to fight them, but fortunately not impossible. The Chinese women had no power; neither at home nor the workplace. Most of the time, they stayed at home and took care of their children. They were not allowed to go to school, and they could not participate in political issues. Even though the society currently treats women better than before, inequality between men and women still exists. China’s traditional value is rooted in people’s minds, especially in the workplace, leading to inequalities in the employment sector.

Gender inequality started many years ago in China.Women in ancient China was like tools for producing children. From childhood, women had to stay at home and do housework while boys went to school. When girls approached 16 years, their parents would force them to marry someone they did not know, and they were required to have more baby boys than girls. In the book Leftover Women: The Resurgence of Gender Inequality in China, the author Leta Hong Fincher uses a girl’s first person to describe her life in China in the old days.

The supposition insubordination of women roots from the Chinese creed, mainly Confucianism, whereby men are seen as being greater to women. The conventional convictions establish a tilted depiction of a woman’s position in the family. As the boy child is expected to offer long-term solutions, such as the acquisition of, while girls are expected to marry outside their nuclear family. Moreover, the primal definition of the word ‘woman’ in Chinese culture was drawn from the word ‘submission.’ Therefore, for many years, Chinese women accepted and recognized, without query, their inferiority in society. Confucianism in China played a significant role in setting the pace for elemental principles, for instance, the ‘Three Obediences’ and ‘Four Virtues,’ to depict the role and position of women in the society. There are ‘Three Obediences’ order that a woman must surrender to her father before marriage. After marriage, she is required to submit to her husband and later her sons in case the husband dies. The ‘Four Virtues’ affirm that women should acquire certain qualities, for instance, morals, appropriate speech, humility, and diligence. The fundamental concern about these standards is that women are expected to maintain them in their roles as daughters, wives, and mothers. These expose them to a susceptible position in society. Additionally, the concept of women’s lowliness is portrayed in the famous Chinese adage: ‘lack of talent is a virtue of women’ (Yuan 16). The phrase can easily make one believe that women cannot  attain at the same level as men. It brings to light the worth that is bestowed on boys, unlike girls. Gender inequality is embedded in China’s culture and appears to be apparent for women in every aspect of their lives.

Inequality in the workplace is not an unexplored region among the Chinese women. The practice has been ongoing as it is a prevalent concern that both working and jobless women have encountered for a long time. The issue also stretches to the entire world. Whereas gender prejudice in the workplace has heightened in the past years, China remains one of the nations with a high percentage of employed women (Norin 13). Women in China represent about 45 percent of the nations’ personnel. Moreover, the standard income of an employed Chinese woman is less than that of a man who holds the same position with women making up to forty-five percent compared to the Men (Burnett 291). Women in China also continue to make considerably less than what male counterparts do despite the fact doing the same job or even doing more than men. Furthermore, it is likely that the current statistics could be an underestimation of the inequity that women experience at the workplace.

China has witnessed a rapid development from a planned economy to a more market-oriented economy, which has led to remarkable economic growth (Cai, Jiaoli, Coyte, and Hongzhong 2). In China, individuals’ genders have a weighty effect on their likely work status, and can eventually be the determining factor regarding who is employed (Qin et al.176).Gender inequality in China is apparent right from the employment submission process. Most women are discriminated in their quest to look for employment opportunities and hardly are they accorded opportunities for leadership position in China, which mirrors the continued preference for men in society. Women are not only subjected to working harder than their male counterparts before they are employed but also have to work with resolve to fight encoded edifying stereotypes.

Because of gender stereotyping in China, fewer women than men are educated. The lack of education and experience affects women’s ability to compete with men in the employment industry. Gender prejudice is mirrored in the inclination for males in China’s employment. Nonetheless, if this trend is overturned and the government of China decides to incorporate women into the workforce fully, it would experience considerable growth in their GDP and per capita income.

One of the factors that enhance gender discrimination in China’s employment and remuneration is the supposition that women are conventionally weak and vulnerable, hence, they cannot work equally as their male counterparts. In fact, there is a common expression in China, which states that women are made for procreation and not for filling employment opportunities. Despite being an overstatement, it is true when it comes to employment agencies that do not prefer women in their organizations.

Women segregation in China is evident even in the government administration whereby there are fewer women delegates in the National’s people congress and China’s ruling Communist party. Also, no woman has ever been part of the Politburo, a group of nine citizens who hold decisive power in the nation.

Gender inequality is one of the most significant reasons for gender income inequality. Gender inequality is being used as a disaggregated advance, an element that has affected several nations’ economies, including China (Zhang 752). For the nation to fully address and counter this problem, there is a need to effectively combat the issue of gender inequality from an impartial point of view. The Chinese government needs to acknowledge the importance and ability of women as a whole and ratify new regulations to protect them. Currently, the nation has already established preliminary phases of decreasing the education gender gap through the creation of Compulsory Education Law of the People Republic of China. This law makes the basic education of nine years for all children compulsory. Nonetheless, the fundamental concern with this law is that many families do not afford school fees, which is a factor that prevents them from permitting their adolescent to attend school, particularly girls. If the nation wants to solve this equation entirely, there is a need to eradicate the required school fees to ensure that all children regardless of their gender and background have access to education. If the government implements such measures, there will be a major regeneration in their professional opportunities, which would have a constructive impact on the economy, as men and women would be equal in the economic growth. According to (Lemmon n.p), thisassertion was once emphasized by Hilary Clinton when she stated, “by increasing women’s participation in the economy and enhancing their efficiency and productivity, we can have a dramatic impact on the competitiveness and growth of our economies.” China a nation has developed in the recent past and has become one of the growing nations economically competing with traditional economic powers like the United States and the United Kingdom. The working population, which is growing, has majorly contributed these. Should the nation do away with women stereotypes and focus on integrating both the efforts of women and men in its economic growth fully, the country can witness even a major boom in its growth and development.

Whereas China has concerns about gender disparity anchored in ancient cultural standards, the nation has started acknowledging the fact that permitting or exposing individuals to more opportunities enhances its economy and world status. The basic notion that a man’s position is at work while a women is in the kitchen is an issue that needs more education and empowerment to eradicate. China as a nation has witnessed the emergence of women’s rights movement, particularly from the 20th century. In the past decade, the country has experienced a change in gender approaches, which promise to enhance the growth and development. Nonetheless, the failure to uphold these developments has a considerable unconstructive effect on the nation. Gender balance must be attained, and everyone in the nation must be enlightened about the idea. One of the intricate underlying ways of refining gender equity is converting the knowledge into authenticity. A woman’s position in the society does affect not only the women’s role and stature but also the entire economy.  This fact proposes a call for international action to ensure the rights of girls and women who have gone through discrimination because of their gender inclination ends. Despite the fact that this process may take time since the problem begins with a change of attitude and approach, there is hope for a better ending. This aspiration should be supported by all men and women since the world has experienced strong women who have proved that what a man can do, a woman can do better. Therefore, gender equality needs to be a warranted human right and not a right that women have to attain. This confine had imprisoned women from attaining their full ability as human beings for a long time.

 

Works Cited

Burnett, Jamie. “Women’s employment rights in China: creating harmony for women in the workforce.” Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies 17.2 (2010): 289-318.

Cai, Jiaoli, Peter C. Coyte, and Hongzhong Zhao. “Decomposing the causes of socioeconomic-related health inequality among urban and rural populations in China: a new decomposition approach.” International journal for equity in health 16.1 (2017): 128.

Lemmon, T. Gyle. “Hillary Clinton’s APEC Speech: Women Are Key to Global Economy.”Daily Beast.https://www.thedailybeast.com/hillary-clintons-apec-speech-women-are-key-to-global-econom. Accessed 31 March 2018.

Norin, Lenita. “China’s (gender) equality challenge: A study on the development of gender equality in China since the 1980s.” (2016).

Qin, Min, et al. “Gender inequalities in employment and wage-earning among internal labour migrants in Chinese cities.” Demographic Research 34 (2016): 175.

Yuan, Lijun. Reconceiving Women’s Equality in China: A Critical Examination of Models of Sex Equality. Lanham, Md: Lexington Books, 2005. Print.

Zhang, Qian Forrest. “Gender Disparities in Self-employment in Urban China’s Market Transition: Income Inequality, Occupational Segregation and Mobility Processes.” The China Quarterly 215 (2013): 744-763.