NFL lockout describes any strike that has occurred in the NFL throughout its history. There have been several lockouts in the NFL in the past (ESPN, 2012). Some of the well-known lockouts include the 1982 and 1987. The 1993 lockout led to the creation of the NFL System that uses a collective bargaining agreement to settle disputes (ESPN, 2012). In 2008, the owners of the NFL football teams failed to agree; they decided that their teams will play without a bargaining agreement (ESPN, 2012). Therefore, the players would play without a salary control. However, while the collective bargaining agreement was arranged to expire on March 3rd, 2011, the opposing sides decided to extend the deadline by a week. The courts lifted the 2011 lockout in April 2011, but a higher tribunal restored the lockout (Sportsmoney, 2011). However, the NFLPA lifted the lockout when the owners decided on a new agreement through a voting system.
The NFL lockout relates to the National Labor Relations Act because the goal of the lockout is to protect the rights of employees and employers (NLRB, 2017). There should be a collective bargaining procedure to ensure that neither the employer nor the employee discriminates another. According to the NLRB (2017), Congress enacted the national labor relations act to prevent private individuals from harming the welfare of workers and businesses. Also, the NLRA encourages collective bargaining and effective management practices. The NFL lockout occurs because different stakeholders cannot agree about how the NFL season will be conducted. Therefore, the different stakeholders need to conduct meeting to create a collective bargaining agreement. However, through the NLRA act, various stakeholders can develop a collective bargaining agreement that protects the rights of each stakeholder.
ESPN. (2012). NFL Lockout. ESPN.com. Retrieved from http://www.espn.com/nfl/topics/_/page/nfl-labor-negotiations
NLRB. (2017). National Labor Relations Act | NLRB. Nlrb.gov. Retrieved 2 August 2017, from https://www.nlrb.gov/resources/national-labor-relations-act
Sportsmoney. (2011). Who won the 2011 NFL Lockout? Retrieved from www.forbes.com/sites/sportsmoney/2011/07/21/who-won-the-2011-nfl-lockout/