Case Analysis on article AIDS: The Making of a Development Disaster? by Geoff Garnett
The article AIDS: The Making of a Development Disaster? by Geoff Garnett, Nicholas Grassly and Simon Gresson provides a detailed perspective of how the pandemic has led to drastic changes in different aspects of human life. Despite the many years of research, human beings have not been able get any treatment method to the virus which has undermined overall development in both developed and developing societies. The article provides the developmental steps of the disease which has different stages including the incubation period which may take up to 10 years depending on the region of the infected person (Garnett, Grassly, & Gregson, 2001). Although originally most of the infected persons were believed to be from eastern and central Africa, the pandemic has spread to different parts of the world including South Africa, Asia and Europe. Understandably, the UNAIDS estimated by 2000, an average of 36.1 million people were suffering from the pandemic, 5.3 million were new infections while 3 million deaths were recorded (Garnett, Grassly, & Gregson, 2001). The article further investigates the prevalence of the illness in different parts of the world using age as the base factor. Since the population under investigation is large, the researchers use both bar and linear graphs to present some of the findings. HIV/AIDS was established to have immense effect to various measures of human development index thus limiting the overall growth rate. The authors also evaluated some of the ways through which the virus is transmitted from one person to another as well as its effects (Garnett, Grassly, & Gregson, 2001). Some of the negative aspects include loss in labor and income and increase in the number of orphans across the globe. Other areas discussed by the research include the opportunities available for controlling the pandemic and some of the biomedical tools that would be used in fighting the virus.
The article Social And Political Context of Disease Outbreaks: The Case of SARS in Toronto by Roxana Salehi and Harris Ali presents a unique approach on how social and political facets affect the relationship between the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (SARS) and humans. The authors adopted the political aspect of the study to demonstrate the critical and systematic framework how the emerging infectious complications such as SARS that has spread in different parts of the globe (Salehi & Ali, 2006). According to the authors, viral influence is influenced by different factors including human and the changes in genetic make-up where the former may include induced aspects including global warming, economic and agricultural development, and laboratory techniques. According to the researchers, the first case of the condition was first recorded in Guangdong China and later spread to other parts of the world (Salehi & Ali, 2006). Notably, the Toronto outbreak was largely linked to health setting where both the physicians and nurses become the main facilitators of the contagious virus. However, the highest rate of infection was enabled by super spreaders who had higher abilities to infect others than the medical personnel. The research also elaborates on the relationship between the Canadian fiscal policies and the high rate of infection of the SARS virus in the country. Different institutions in the country were given distinct responsibilities to help in managing the outbreak for instance; the Toronto Public Health was responsible for identification and quarantine, surveillance and risk assessment (Salehi & Ali, 2006). Equally, the article sheds light on the global strategies that were set by international entities such as international health regulation to manage the increasing rate of infection. Essentially the purpose of the organization was to ensure that maximum security measures enhanced against the spread of the virus to other parts of the globe.
Garnett, G. P., Grassly, N. C., & Gregson, S. (2001). AIDS: The makings of a development disaster?. Journal of International Development, 13(4), 391-409.
Salehi, R., & Ali, S. H. (2006). The social and political context of disease outbreaks: The case of SARS in Toronto. Canadian Public Policy, 32(4), 373-385.