Composition Paper on Advantages and Disadvantages of Petroleum

Composition Paper on Advantages and Disadvantages of Petroleum

Petroleum is one of fossil fuels used to power vehicles and drive most of industrial machines. Despite offering several advantages to people, it has its own set of disadvantages. First, on the advantages, this is a source of energy that can easily be extracted because of available technologies that are well developed. Studies have revealed that it is extremely easy to exploit petroleum deposits in myriad geological conditions (Sherman 32). Second, it is important to note that petroleum has high density which makes it possible to generate substantial amount of energy for use. Moreover, studies reveal how extraction costs are relatively low compared to other fossil fuels due to reduced technical and physical effort requirement (Sherman 25). Consequently, it has been revealed that petroleum is a form of energy that is easy to transport because of its liquid state (Sherman 22). Energy experts have opined that petroleum can simply be purchased from extraction sites through pipes or vehicles and then easily and conveniently transported (Sherman 38). Lastly, it has broad areas of applications as it is used as a major source of energy for power plants, used to run heavy machines and facilitates logistics through powering vehicles.

On the contrary, petroleum has several disadvantages that include being a limited resource that can easily be depleted. This is occasioned by the high demand for the resource by the society with power plants having hard time in extracting the resource. Moreover, use of petroleum contributes to environmental pollution which is harmful to both plants and animals and consequently leading to global warming. Consequently, the resource produces hazardous substances in form dangerous gases, toxic materials and plastic which are harmful to human health. Lastly, petroleum is a non-renewable resource making it difficult to replace once used to generate electricity.

 

Work Cited

Sherman, Josepha. Fossil Fuel Power. Mankato, Minn: Capstone Press, 2004. Print.