Compostion Paper on Climate Change Is Man Made

Compostion Paper on Climate Change Is Man Made

The climate is mostly influenced by human activities globally. There have been various arguments and differences in opinions on the topic of climate change (Rapp 598). For instance, the Democrats and Republics in the US have often taken on different sides with few democrats than republicans agreeing on the reality of the issue and its human actions causes (Mooney 726). This paper is a critique on some of the various views   based on motivated reasoning factors based on various authors.

Analysis of the reasoning of the text

Chris Mooney in “Rapture Ready: The Science of Self-Delusion” states that if one wished to why and how a fact was ditched for motivated reasoning, they would find no test case that stands out better than climate change. He further states that Democrats and Republicans are often divided in regards to this issue despite the fact that science is becoming more unequivocal (Mooney 726). There are various arguments for climate change and how one can argue for motivated reasoning as a factor. For instance, the Republicans are in support for the climate. In the 2008 survey, more Democrat climate change scholars agreed on the reality of human-caused climate change (Mooney 726). On the contrary, only 19% of the Democrats agreed that the earth was warming due to human activities holding a disagreement against the Republicans on the subject (Mooney 726).

The arguments are subjects of irrationality making it hard to discard an entire belief system, built up over a lifetime. For instance, conservative communities believe that there is something to climate change which others do not (Mooney 726). Many with such a conviction are hard to change since if disagreed with, they often turn away when logic appeals are made on the issues. They often stand on persistent rejection as many Americans do today on global warming. It is hard for such groups of people to leave their deeply held views (Mooney 725).

Critique of the claims of the paper using outside support

Human-caused climate change has led to extreme environmental events. The population explosion has lead to increased pressure on the natural resources, leading to unique changes in the environment (Romero and Wingfield 487). In particular, the encroachment of land to establish cities has resulted in land and air pollution. People have strived to modify the natural habitats through recreational activities, and, consequently, increased the level of pollution. The revolution of the industrial era has led to ocean acidification and has been a factor showing indicating climate change. Since the industrial era, the ocean surface waters’ acidity has increased by about 30% due to humans’ emissions of large amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere which is then absorbed into the oceans. The carbon amount absorbed by the upper oceanic layers has continued to increase by about 2 billion tons yearly (Rapp 598-610).The US has contributed experience rise in temperatures in the recent times due to increased levels of pollution. The number of high-temperature record events has rapidly been on the increase while that of low-temperature record events decreasing since 1950. The country has also continued to experience increased intense rainfall events owing to climate change.

Climate change and its manmade causes are a reality. First, various countries globally have continued to increase the awareness of the world global warming effects. There has been observed monsoon winds’ weakening, an experience which has continued to be felt far inland and has impacted the influence of the coastline rainfalls. Due to the effects of climate change Southeast and northwestern regions of China have also been experiencing serious droughts and floods. During the two catastrophes, the leaders raised profound and high concerns about the melting of the Tibetan plateaus. The plateau regions have over the years formed significant and sustainable ecological links to Yangzi and Yellow Rivers, the Ganges, the Mekong , the Brahmaputra and the Indus (Yao et al. 642 -650).

Another evidence of the reality of manmade climate change is the rise in Sea Level. Over the past centuries, the sea level globally got rapidly about 6.7 inches with the last decade’s rate being nearly doubles that of the last century. The global temperature rise is also key evidence. All the three major reconstructions of surface temperatures worldwide also indicate that the Earth has been severely affected by climate change since 1880. Much of the warming took place since 1970, with the most twenty warmest years occurred since the year 1981 and all ten of the warmest years occurring in the past twelve years. The surface temperatures have continuously rapidly increased despite the fact that the 2000s experienced a solar output decline that resulted in rare deep solar minimums between 2007 to 2009 (Vermeer and Stefan 21527-21532).

There are also various arguments against climate change and how one can argue with motivated reasoning is based on each authors’ work. The arguments are based on the fact that there is little trust in scientists, and instead, such people often listen to skeptics instead of the motivated reasoning as a factor. For instance, the Climate change reality denial increased more in 2014 with certain groups of individuals arguing that they did not believe in climate change and that it was caused by human actions (Rapp 604-620).

The other arguments against climate change are based on various existing views and observations. Fist, some think that climate change is false based on the “false” 2014 temperature predictions, the 2014 news that once reported that it would be the hottest year ever. Those who never believe in the reality of human-caused climate change claimed that if it were the “hottest year ever” everyone would have expected serious calamities as were predicted to happen then but instead, the opposite happened. This made them strongly believe that climate change was not real (Varela et al. 1084-1091).

The other arguments against climate change are based on the type of opinions various groups of people hold. For instance, majority of the people who often have counter argument opinions are greatly involved in huge investments such as vesting in financial interests in the fossil fuels. This therefore creates a great chance that such groups of people would never wish to face and acknowledge the reality about the threats and effects of climate change. This is because it would force them to address particular uncomfortable questions concerning their significant contributions to the destruction of the environment (Olah et.al 77-89).

Conclusion

Man caused climate change is a global reality. Various evidences within the environment over the years all indicate this fact despite the various counter arguments, views and opinions. The world population needs to stem up its actions towards a workable blue print to curb this global challenge. There is also need to advocate for global publicity and campaigns against those who still hold to oppose this menace due to their own selfish reasons at the expense of environmental destruction. A comparison of the support and the counter arguments puts more strength on the side of supportive arguments and evidences all which clearly indicate that climate change is a reality globally.

 

Works cited

Mooney, Chris. “Rapture Ready: The Science of Self Delusion” Johnson-Sheehan, Richard and Charles Paine. Writing Today 3rd ed. Boston: Pearson, 2016. 722-729. Print.

Olah, George A., Alain Goeppert, and G. K. Prakash. “Fossil Fuels and Climate Change.” Beyond Oil and Gas: The Methanol Economy, Second Edition (2006): 77-89.

Rapp, Donald. Assessing Climate Change: Temperatures, Solar Radiation, and Heat Balance. Cham : Springer, 2014. Internet resource.

Romero, L M, and John C. Wingfield. Tempests, Poxes, Predators, and People: Stress in Wild Animals and How They Cope. , 2016. Print.

Varela, Sara, et al. “Environmental filters reduce the effects of sampling bias and improve predictions of ecological niche models.” Ecography 37.11 (2014): 1084-1091.

Vermeer, Martin, and Stefan Rahmstorf. “Global sea level linked to global temperature.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106.51 (2009): 21527-21532.

Yao, Tandong, et al. “Recent glacial retreat and its impact on hydrological processes on the Tibetan Plateau, China, and surrounding regions.” Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 39.4 (2007): 642-650.