A paradigm shift is the overall change in belief, culture, and practice of a given group of people resulting from teaching, influence or observation that catalyze the change. Western culture has seen significant paradigm shift since the fifteenth century, this is as a result of new ideologies and influence by a powerful individual who desired to bring particular change in the society (John, Naumann, & Soto, 2008). In the history of western culture, four people have been instrumental in causing a paradigm shift, these are Martin Luther, Christopher Columbus, Gutenberg, and Copernicus. All of these four people impacted differently on the shift in Western culture. However, Marting Luther had the most influence on the paradigm shift.
Luther lived between 1483 and 1546, during this time he advocated for radical changes in the society and the church that led to a great paradigm shift in religious setup and belief (Anderson, 2004). Paradigm shift began when he posted 95 theses on the door of Wittenburg Church with an aim of catalyzing an uprising against the papacy and the Roman Catholic. The 95 theses were about Justification by Faith and were later redesigned to become the Protestant Reformation (1517). It is these theses that resulted in the formation of protestant churches and the beginning of the various denominations (John et al., 2008). Luther influenced the breaking up of the protestant wing; this makes him the most influential person among the four. The paradigm shift caused by Luther was a change in perception from monopolization and privatization of religion to a mindset that all religion leads to God.
To sum up, there is no doubt that a paradigm shift occurs from time to time. All of the above-mentioned persons had a tremendous impact on the society thus leading to great changes. Martin Luther, in my opinion, was the most influential person in the list because his progressive views changed the face of Christianity and united a lot of people.
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