Description of the Community
Corktown, Detroit is a historical community located on the West of Downtown Detroit. Most of the residents are African Americans who account for 82 percent of the population with minorities being the Asian, Hispanic and native Hawaiians. Corktown has only 30% of working age group who range from 18 to 64 years. The community holds the second most dangerous place in the United States with most of the crimes related to homicide with 59.3 murders for every 100,000 people. In the year 2013, there were 295 murders and the number has increased significantly since then with 571 murders in the year 2017. Most of the crimes in Corktown are committed using a gun with a mindboggling 85% of all homicide murders executed using guns which has led to an inflated crime rate (Peak & Glensor, 2012). Murder rate in Corktown is 9.6 times as compared to that at national level. Crimes related to property in Corktown is 1.7 times that of national average. Arson is also a major problem in Corktown with 876 cases of arson reported in the year 2018.
Major contributions to the high crime rate in the community is attributed to the high rate of unemployment in the community which results to most young people resolving to engage in criminal activities. There is also a high number of illegal arms possessed by individuals which poses a threat to the community. The high rate of drug and substance abuse is also a major contribution to crime in this community. Narcotics trade is famous in this community with most of the cartels widespread and operating anonymously. There is little attention by local and national authorities with most parts of the region lacking basic necessities and one would encounter stray dogs roaming on the streets at any instance.
SARA model basically refers to a decision making model which uses analysis of solutions to a specific problem and thereafter evaluating the effectiveness of responses. The most important aspects of the SARA model incorporates scanning, analysis, response and assessment. Scanning pertains identifying selected problems that need to be addressed using data from police and any other reliable sources. Analysis involves identifying the causes of a problem. Response on the hand refers to determination and implementation of a response aimed at addressing a particular problem. Assessment refers evaluating the impact of responses used in addressing a particular problem.
How the federal, state and local Enforcement Officers Work and How SARA model applies To Community Policing
Federal, state and local law enforcement officers work together by pooling resources together. Law enforcement officials normally use collaborative efforts to avert crimes and make neighbourhoods safe. With partnerships, information is shared and possible actions suggested. The public and police are vital during collaborations as the public can easily give information to the police (Ortmeier & Meese, 2010).
SARA model can be an effective tool in community policing and solving of problems in a given setting. The model requires law enforcement officials to look for issues within a district using collaboration means, determine the causes of the problems and respond to them using other integrated sources and thereafter take a retrospective look to ensure that the issue is solved. For instance, in the described Corktown community, officials could identify the high rate of crime as the problem. Some causal factors for the issue include high unemployment rate, drug and substance abuse and possession of illegal fire arms. Some of the information could be obtained from the public. Officials can endeavour to work with the national government to provide opportunities for employment. They can also set stringent policies to deal with drugs cartels and illegal firearms. Then, there can be an evaluation to see if the issue is addressed.
Why aModels of Partnership Cannot be Used in Every Jurisdiction
Partnership models may not always work especially in communities where there is an alarming rate of crime. Partners may not cooperate because of high chances of threats. For instances, in areas with rampant drug trafficking, partnership models may not work because cartels may use threating as tool to reduce cooperation between the police, the community and non-governmental organizations. The partnership model works best in low rate crime areas.
Peak, K. J. & Glensor, R. W. (2012). Community Policing and Problem Solving Strategies and Practices (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
Ortmeier, P. J., & Meese, E. (2010). Leadership, ethics, and policing: Challenges for the 21st century. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.