Types of Terrorist Attacks
This presentation focuses on terrorism as a transnational crime and how the state and other international actors have approached it with the intent of confronting it. Several centuries ago political leaders and rebels in Europe used violence as a tool to manipulate regimes in power and most often crossed borders to avoid being subjected to the law for their crimes within their home country. This practice was so rampant and states had to device ways to tame this emerging crime. States were forced to collaborate in arresting and extraditing those wanted for crimes at home. Countries also developed laws that were efficient and punitive enough to discourage transnational terrorism.
Courts were not developed to deal with the criminals at home and also decide or extradition cases of those suspected criminals wanted at home.
It is an acknowledged fact in the United States that transnational terrorism is harming the country and its allies. Terrorism is a mutating crime and seems to take on many forms to manifest itself. It is now closely related to insurgency which has adopted terrorism as a collaborative mechanism to execute its intentions.
The transnational nature of terrorism is not only motivated by the need to escape punishment but also on the need to receive funding and unique skills that the existing group in a certain locality may not have. Their ideologies change with time so as to form new joint ventures and beat the crafted mechanisms put in place by the international players. The greed of expansion outweighs any other ideology establishing the organization.
Transnational terrorism thrives well across borders for example terrorism and money laundering; violence and manipulation are very synonymous. Terrorism has evolved and now permeates every sphere of live. Types could include religious targeting and involving religion, left and right wing terrorism meant to combat governments, separatist and many other forms meant to cause pain and frustration (Frey, 2004)
Congress , the presidency among other state and international players have a huge role in either crafting legislation, making policies and education the society against the vice of terrorism. The United States government has set aside resources and collaborated with other international prayers to eliminate terrorism at both national and international level. There is need for co operation both financially and militarily so as to eliminate transnational terrorism as a crime (Bhonsle and United Service Institution of India, 2011) .
Transnational terrorism has eroded the values that states and the international cooperation are founded on. Religion has been used as a repressive tool rather than as a tool to improve and instill values in the society. The international community including the United States wants to restore the values of states and international community in restoration of peace and security as a major obligation to its people
Whereas states want to maintain their sovereignty, there is the difficult mandate of maintaining as society free from terrorists through collaborative efforts. States have adopted a cautious approach in crafting laws that expand on principles of transnational cooperation. There is a very tough balancing act where states have to get rid of terrorists but also on the other hand respect human right which is unalienable rights to an individual no matter the severity of crime committed. The United States bore the biggest brunt of international terrorism in the 9/11 and has been on the forefront championing for elimination through countering terrorism within the law.
Bhonsle, R. K., & United Service Institution of India. (2011). Countering transnational terrorism.
Frey, B. S. (2004). Dealing with terrorism: Stick or carrot?. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Pub.