- What seems important about these readings and why was it important?
Yudell, Roberts, DeSalle, & Tishkoff: The most important thing in this reading is the separation of the sensitive and social-cultural concept of race with the field of genetic research. It helps in bridging the gap that exists in the general understanding of genetics.
Roberts, Dorothy (2009): The crucial factor in this reading is the common ground that is revealed by the use of intersectional analysis. This is important in creating cohesion in the communities particularly as pertains race and gender as well as disability.
Thorpe, Holly (2007): The take away in this reading is the power of women in sports especially due to the inclusion of biological studies in sports. This is important as women get the freedom to compete when their biological mechanisms are well understood.
Cole, C.L. (1993): The important issue in this paper is the theoretical crisis in the sports fraternity. The importance of this is that it raises new possibilities in the study of sport.
Roberts, Dorothy (2009): The most important thing is the resistance to a race-based approach to reproductive genetics. This is crucial as it gives impetus to similar rights movements such as disability, racism and economic justice.
Haraway, Donna (1991): The most important thing here is the rise of feminism and the push to be free. This is crucial as it shapes our new world including the roles of women in society. Cyborg’s society does not have stereotypes, unequal treatment or bias.
- How do the important terms and concepts relate to each other or to some other part of the course?
Yudell, Roberts, DeSalle, & Tishkoff: The controversy of race-based research in human genetics is viewed as a political tool that is at best unnecessary. Eventually, it becomes clear that such a concept of race is only self-serving to particular groups but on the whole is unhelpful to society.
Roberts, Dorothy (2009): Intersectionality bodes very well with distinct modern-day movements with common interests and goals. The term gives credence to the idea of cooperation to achieve common targets.
Thorpe, Holly (2007): The use of the term amenorrhea is related to other abnormalities and awkward situations faced by women. These situations require a comprehensive and multi-dimensional approach and not the one-sided approach often preferred.
Cole, C.L. (1993): Cyborgs are used to relate the reader to the kind of multi-faceted beings that humanity has become. Humans are essentially becoming different in everything from grooming, to body makeup and even to sport as seen in issues like doping.
Roberts, Dorothy (2009): Utopia relates to the modern reality where most of the things we practice or hope for are farfetched by historical standards.
Haraway, Donna (1991): The key word here is totality, which explains the extent to which the female gender wishes to be free. The female in the modern day is a cyborg in totality. Haraway in her part of the article Homework economy reflects on solving the problems of inequality and inefficient distribution of labor obligation for women, showing that the future with cyborg can be real. Also, The homework economy exists due to the development of technology and because of the existence of stereotypes and inequality in society. In part The “homework economy” outside “the home” the author tells about the concept of the feminization of labor, the new type of economy, and the role of women in this process.
- What do you think about these ideas, theories, or concepts?
Yudell, Roberts, DeSalle, & Tishkoff: I totally agree with the idea of separating race from genetics. This is long overdue and self-evident for all right-thinking humans.
Roberts, Dorothy (2009): I think the idea of movement intersectionality is well thought and a pattern that should be replicated across fields. Most of our modern day challenges require an integrated approach.
Thorpe, Holly (2007): I think the idea of women being fully free to know and do is excellent. Women are certainly a crucial part of society that can no longer be ignored.
Cole, C.L. (1993): I find some of the ideas in this reading too extreme and utopic. Nonetheless, as a call for women freedom in a male-dominated society, it is a masterpiece.
Roberts, Dorothy (2009): I think the ideas expressed are reasonable to the extent that reproductive biology should be largely allowed to be natural. Beyond that, I think it attacks scientific research too much and unnecessarily.
Haraway, Donna (1991): I think the article should restrict itself more into women as a whole than stratifying the concept into white women and women of color. The concept of race is too superficial for such a goal.
- What surprised you? Why was it surprising?
Yudell, Roberts, DeSalle, & Tishkoff: I was surprised that racial terminology still finds its way into the modern scientific literature. That is surprising because the concept of race is itself unscientific.
Roberts, Dorothy (2009): I was surprised that different groups could share so much in common as to view each other as equals. Normally, we attach levels of suffering to different groups whereby the disabled for instance look most vulnerable.
Thorpe, Holly (2007): I was surprised that women face unique risks compared to men in sports. I had no clue of such a possibility.
Cole, C.L. (1993): What shocked me in this paper is the number of theories and critiques of the feminine movement. I assumed there is a general consensus that the feminist movement is for the greater emancipation of women.
Roberts, Dorothy (2009): I was surprised that genetic screening is now routine in preventive medicine and social welfare systems. I thought we were not at this stage yet.
Haraway, Donna (1991): I was surprised a cyborg would be used to represent feminism. Cyborgs would seem more likened to the male counterparts. The struggle for jobs between men and women is complicated by the robotization of the process. New technologies deprive men of work.
- What questions do you still have?
Yudell, Roberts, DeSalle, & Tishkoff: How far are we from finally disconnecting race and science?
Roberts, Dorothy (2009): Will we be able to replicate the findings elsewhere?
Thorpe, Holly (2007): Should women still consider themselves equal to males with such an obvious shortcoming as the female athlete triad?
Cole, C.L. (1993): Is the women sports fraternity at a crisis after all?
Roberts, Dorothy (2009): Are we soon going to be having clones of people walking around?
Haraway, Donna (1991): Are women the embodiments of infinite possibility?
- Provide at least one critique you have of the reading:
Yudell, Roberts, DeSalle, & Tishkoff: The paper is clear that race-based biology is flawed and ought to be discarded.
Roberts, Dorothy (2009): The article is practical and provides an avenue for future research.
Thorpe, Holly (2007): The article comprehensively covers female limitations in the realm of sport especially as juxtaposed to the male fraternity in the same.
Cole, C.L. (1993): The article is filled with relevant literature for back up and provides a solid case for women.
Roberts, Dorothy (2009): The article provides a proper case for why the new genetic reproductive system is most likely too much.
Haraway, Donna (1991): It shows that women can have a universal