Developing Appropriate and Effective Measures to Tackle Trafficking in Women

To:           The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)

From:        Name

Subject:     How to develop appropriate and effective measures to tackle trafficking in women

Date:         11/11/2014

How to develop appropriate and effective measures to tackle trafficking in women

Summary

Women trafficking is the act of recruiting, transporting, transferring, harboring and/ or receipting of people, by use of intimidation, force or other means of coercion, of kidnapping, of conning, of trickery, of trading on women for money, generally with an intention of exploitation either for prostitution, forced labor and services, slavery or the servitude. This is very wrong behavior that needs clear attention with immediate action since its ongoing almost worldwide. To combat this kind of human trafficking appropriate and effective measures should be developed and in effect ascertain that this kind of trade like act is at greater length curbed.

Background

Women’s trafficking is real and it is taking place specifically in African countries. A very realistic situation was observed in Kenya the year 2014 May within the coastal areas Mombasa, where a man smuggled a criminal and intentionally got entry into Kenya and harbored twelve young women. The women were paid the equivalent of $22 per sexual act with a male dog.  (Standard news by Mr. Majani aka Baba Ghafla 11 May 2013) This was meant to exploit these women sexually with their consent.  A number of such trafficked women have always been aired in almost weekly news on how they were tricked, duped with huge and reliable wages to offer labor as house maids which at the reporting time is a different story altogether. Reports reaching their motherland is, ‘may the government intervene, I have been doing without food, have been indoors for weeks without going out into the sun, my penny wages are not even given to me, communication is hampered any slight mistake is worth at gun point’ and so on. (Mother sold girl for sex, May 7, 2010)

It is true that identification of women trafficking is very complicated to access, since the whole process is done underground and recognition of criminals is typically hard to identify. The use of technology has led to forgery of travelling documents such as passports; this on one side has help the criminals succeed while on the other hand locks them of accessory. The natives’ plea is to understand the very means of handling this kind of situation. I want to know if an effective strategy involves a legal approach, the protection of human rights, border control, the elimination of root causes or what has been put in place to combat it? These rises at a time when the authorities who should help control this act are the key participants indirectly by acquiring money and accruing the victims to the traffickers, specifically if we say legal approach is the means to control it. (Action against trafficking in human beings 2012)

Causes

It is clear from the onset that the cause of women trafficking started approximately in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries when paramount chiefs were involved directly in trafficking. To date it is still there. Women specifically are involved directly or indirectly where they fall victims. The women are vulnerable to light but payable jobs, immediately they get news of “well paying jobs” abroad with the help of internet, they quickly accept and get trapped in them. The “well paying jobs” is what the criminals involved to lure women to the act. Unemployment in most developing countries has been another root cause of women trafficking, when women remain idle the criminals take advantage of that and recruit them. Another source is the high population ratio to the available resources within the developing countries. The challenge comes when the resources are not well distributed in all economic sectors including health, education, job creation and transport just to mention. These results in a desire to search for a more reliable source of income to improve one’s family living standards and so fall prey to traffickers.

In addition to these causes is illiteracy. Lack of proper education have created better chances to traffickers, women are swift to decision making without weighing the outcome even when they have gone through the same situation in life, heard a story or watch on news. So long as they have been given the ‘surety’ they go for it and there they fall victims. The recruiters are in many occasions accompanied by interpreters, trainers and “gifts.” Who speak the native language and for coercion respectively. Poverty is another cause; most of the women who are recruited are poor or must be coming from a poor background. As the say goes poor people are easily manipulated and exploited by the rich and so increasing chances of intimidation.

Effects

The nation is affected, the family, and seriously the individual especially during the real exploitation period, is the most affect. For instance if one is to die the individual will die, the family members will have suffered emotionally, and the state succumbed to inadequate laborers within the labor sector but the victim will have suffered more.  The most constraint to women trafficking is the state and the constitution which states clearly the human rights. The current policy is splendid yes, but adjustment is mandatory to ensure the validity of reinforcement. For instance the protection act of 2003 need to directly state the kind of treatment is not only jail terms is worth to a recruiter is found, which will send a direct signal to other criminals to end the process. (Human trafficking laws and regulations act 2003) The revision of act of 1930 sections 307 and 308 to be a law in 2009 is very good, but the challenge is who will be at the position to elucidate the goods and how they are acquired? Since corruption is a-go-zone in most of these affected nations. This makes it difficult to ensure prohibition of such persons from carrying out business abroad, secondly the policy should be in all states not United States of American only this shows racism.

Options

  • I would recommend the UNODC legislature to come up with a clear, and outlined strategy that will at the end eliminate women trafficking through effective policy involving a legal approach, protection of human rights, border control, and the elimination of root causes. If any is applicable then it should be appropriately worked on, to ensure that the women trafficking are dealt with succinctly. Since it is clear that many countries have been, in a number of situations resist the proper implementation of the set rules to eliminate this act, it therefore oblige the UNODC to act appropriately even if it will involve them being overseers themselves then let them do it, than assigning other authorities who do not do anything if not nothing.
  • I would also recommend the national government to consider job creation within their states, which will preoccupy high percentage of women in the labour sector. This will help reduce abroad job seeking. When jobs will be within their reach-women, a little case of trafficked women will be heard. So, job creation is the mandate of the State and not limited to employments of women only but the entire working group in the labour sector. Government should introduce women trust funds where, they can borrow money and expand their businesses within their locality. Apart from this the jobs created should be equalized to all gender that will show off male chauvinism.
  • The government should also, put in a strategy that will ensure that the inhabitants are proportional to the resources, this may include putting in family planning, to reduce the rate at which people give birth, women should be taught the meaning of this and how important having a manageable number of children is good. Since uncontrolled birth leads to criminal behaviour and activities since there are no jobs, hence poverty. Campaign should be launched. As overwhelming children are unmanageable, some goes to the streets, while others especially ladies are trafficked and the act remains uncurbed.
  • I would recommend the government to make proper use of the resources availed to them by the United Nations to launch campaign and create awareness to her natives on the repercussion, and how the current trafficking is done. The availability of technology becomes a key reflection on how to expand security of a given state on her people, the UNODC gives a lot of capital, almost to the three-quarter all way around, but all state leaders and their sycophants have been accruing it to the individual pockets rather than its purpose, I therefore wish to urge all nations to put this capital into its purposeful sector making women aware of the world, and the occurrences. This information is very vital as enlighten women will dare make mistake to fall victims of trafficking activity.
  • The United Nations should champion for education this will eradicate illiteracy and avail citizens to be patriots of their motherlands. Education is power once one acquire it can be used to settle this challenge completely, sometimes some state have created jobs, but people are illiterate, nobody to be employed as far as the qualification requirements are concerned. It means therefore that when people are educated there will be many people engaged in the labour industry to reduce this act. United Nations now should chip in.
  • Politicians should launch an antihuman trafficking campaign and be role model in curbing corruption and punishing the corrupt persons who trade on this recruitment. Yes this may seem to be impossible more so in developing countries which at the same time are the most affected, since corruption is high, and politicians are the workmen here, but I know there are concerned people who can take their time to champion for it, let this people come out in large number they will put shame on the other leaders, by claiming their acts and behaviours publicly to do away with it. This will help. Apart from that everybody is a leader lets us, those with information guide one another to ensure that no one benefits from this shoddy act.

Bibliography

Human Trafficking Laws & Regulations | Homeland Security

http://www.dhs.gov/human-trafficking-laws-regulations

Standard news Saturday, 11 May 2013 13:40, written by Mr. Majani aka Baba Ghafla

“Forced Labor and Human Trafficking: Estimating the Profits”. Cornell University ILR School. 2005-03-01. Retrieved 2011-06-25.

“Preventing Human Trafficking”. Unodc.org.

“What is human-trafficking”. Unodc.org. 2009-03-06

“Combating Human Trafficking and Modern-day Slavery”. Polaris Project. Retrieved 2013-01-12.

“National Human Trafficking Resource Center | Polaris Project | Combating Human Trafficking and Modern-day Slavery”. Polaris Project. Retrieved 2013-01-12.

“State Map | Polaris Project | Combating Human Trafficking and Modern-day Slavery”.

Polaris”Council of Europe – Action against Trafficking in Human Beings: Publications”. Retrieved 2012-03-02.

Mother sold girl for sex, May 7, 2010, The Age.