Wellness is a state of having a fulfilling health state. It is not just being without disease. It includes mental, physical, and social well-being. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), wellness is building a conscience and the ability to real reasoning without any influence. Regardless of the mere growth and daily chores, wellness is essential to build an individual’s conscience to the best degree of fullness.Wellness involves a series of events that create awareness on various aspects. It involves exhibitions, specialized experienced speakers as well as activities aimed demonstrating the effects of wellness. In addition, organization of wellness fair at the workplace is possible. However, this may be limited to the current fitness of the employees. Most wellness fairs are held at the local places in an environment that the correspondent is conversant. The main aim of such fairs is to boost the health of individuals.
Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs)
Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs), core determinants of a person’s wellness state, is a diagnostic measure of the degree of functioning of the lungs. It assesses the lung capacity, flow of blood, lung volume, and the gas exchange. The normal functioning of the pulmonary system depends on several factors to maintain the balance of the body. Ventilation, movement of air in and out of the lungs, is the main function of the pulmonary system.
Obstructive conditions caused by medical complications can lead to obstruction of the free movement of air in and out of the lungs. These complications may lead to chronic disease of the lungs, which reduces the flow of air. The conditions are majorly brought by the feeble muscles failing to contract and relax systemically and therefore unable to pump the blood.
Pulmonary Function Test involve a series of components, such as tidal volume (VT), Minute volume (MV), Vital capacity, functional residual capacity (FRC), total lung capacity (TLC), forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume (FEV), forced expiratory flow (FEF), and peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR). All these measurements aid in the determination of the PFT. Some of the factors, such as the volume of air inhaled and exhaled are measured by use of an instrument called spirometer, which presents the results on a spirograph.
Each person has different normal PFT values. Comparison between the results obtained from the diagnosed individual and the expected values from a person of the same age, height, race, and sex is done. Consequently, the comparison of the results to the previous results follows. In case of abnormal PFT measurements, the person carries out other diagnostic tests to establish the medical diagnosis.
Wellness of an individual depends majorly on nutrition, physical therapy, occupational therapy, psychosocial health or emotional state, environmental conditions, and individual’s intellectual wellness.
Psychosocial health and wellness of an individual are inter-related and focus on mainly the mental health. Viewed as a positive trait, the definition of psychosocial health highlights emotional well-being of individuals and their capacity to live a normal creative life that is flexible to overcome the inevitable challenges in life. Personality is one of the main indicators of well-being and that includes how an individual views oneself. The aspect individuals may affect life satisfaction, citing that those who are more self-conscious and introverted score inferior levels of life contentment than extroverts. Maintenance of psychosocial health requires monitoring and exploring judgment. Moreover, identification of obstacles to psychosocial well-being and their solutions is crucial mainly with assistance from a therapist. Coping strategies involve assessing for depression and other psychosocial issues. Managing mental health involves stress management, clear communication, building relationship with others, and coping with grief.
It involves the use of resources to expand knowledge through critical thinking. Intellectual wellness represents an obligation to life-long learning process with an ability to share the knowledge in order to achieve a more satisfying life. In addition, it focuses on willingness to employ self-directed activities including continuous learning, and intuitive skills. Intellectually well individuals incorporate whatever they have learned with experiences outside order to improve their living standards. Signs of intellectual wellness include; development of good study skills and time management, ability to challenge oneself to vie all sides of an issue, critical thinking, and exposure to new ideas. An individual can improve his/her intellectual wellness through improvement in the study skills, improving time management techniques, removal of objectivity, and improving on ones critical thinking.
It is important to balance between home and work life besides the integration ones relationship with natural resources, which includes efforts of cleaning the community. Environmental wellness is determined by willingness of an individual to actively take part and contribute to efforts of protecting and renewing the environment through preservation techniques such as recycling, energy conservation, and cautious selection of products. The signs of environmental wellness are creation of both home and work environment that are supportive, engaging in those activities that do not pollute air, water or earth, and being aware of earth’s natural resource limits.