How to Write a Science Conclusion

How to Write a Science Conclusion

Knowing how to write a science conclusion is one of the basic steps that you are required to undertake in order to deliver good scientific or research papers. Just like the introduction and body paragraphs of scientific papers, a conclusion also plays a crucial role in enhancing the general quality and format for every paper. In fact, it equally contributes to the overall score in every paper. This implies you should know how to write a science conclusion in order to attain better points in scientific papers and reports.

A conclusion is the last paragraph in a scientific paper, which wraps up the points of research or study as discussed in the previous paragraphs. For you to effectively sum up the study, there are certain qualities of a good conclusion that you should take note of. A well written scientific paper conclusion should:

  • Clearly state the most important outcome of the research
  • Briefly interpret the findings of the study
  • Mention the shortcomings of your research
  • Give suggestions for possible studies on the subject

There are other elements that may also be included in the final part of the paper for a strong research conclusion. Considering that scientific papers are not quite different from other kinds of academic papers, mastering the art of how to write a science conclusion will no doubt enable you to craft good conclusions for other assignments and term papers too.

Guidelines on How to Write a Science Conclusion

Writing a conclusion for a scientific paper is a task that many students often think is overwhelming, but you can easily achieve the best results with only a few tips. The following are some of the key guidelines on how to write a science conclusion that you should take note of.

Focus on the subject or topic of study

The conclusion should try to answer any questions that may been left hanging in the other parts of the paper and also show your readers the importance of the discussion therein. You should not bring in a new idea or point that is not covered in the rest of the paper. Therefore, always take time to look once again look through the points of the paper, laying emphasis on the thesis, main arguments or points explained in the body.

By carefully analyzing the way your introduction and body paragraphs are presented will enable you to develop ideas on how to tie up the loose ends of the discussion. Remember a good paper should showcase a smooth flow of points from the introductory paragraph to the last one.

Highlight the key findings

Although the outcomes of the research might have been mentioned previously in the paper, you are still required to clearly state them in the conclusion, of course, in other terms or words. Depending on the study for your paper, there may be quite a number of findings. However, the last paragraph should only talk about the main ones that are related to the discussion or question of the paper.

For easy and quick reference while writing, simply list the key outcomes of the research as explained in the paper.

Answer a few questions

Writing a conclusion for a science paper requires that you present a clear and concise interpretation of the study so readers can easily get the relevance of the research and your discussion. In order to effectively relay this, there are a few questions that you may need to ask yourself and get answers to. Some of them include:

  • What are the shortcomings of the research?
  • How has the study contributed to what is known regarding the subject?
  • Do your findings suggest any possibility for future research? If yes, list them.
  • Are the results of the study useful in any way in the real world? If so, note them down.

The answers that you come up with will be used in constructing the sentences for the conclusion, therefore, should be properly outlined, along with the other aspects.

Create an outline

An outline is like a frame, onto which you can effectively plan how your points will be presented in the last paragraph. In fact, you can create even two or three outlines, from where you can analyze each and choose the strongest one.

In the outline, make sure that you briefly list the main points to be discussed in the paragraph. In case there are some that will require referencing, it is advisable that you also clearly mark them. Your points should be listed or outlined according to the order in which each will be addressed to avoid confusion.

Procedures on How to Write a Science Conclusion

Writing the last paragraph for a scientific paper can be very easy and even fast when your points are well outlined. Besides, the paragraph should generally be short so you do not have to spend a lot of time thinking and creating long sentences. Follow the steps below to find out how to write a science conclusion with ease.

Begin by addressing the findings of the research

Start writing the paragraph by giving readers a short summary of the results of your study and discussion. Try to just summarize the paper, including a brief description of the outcomes. It is assumed that those reading the conclusion have read the rest of the paper, hence, this is only meant to refresh their minds and remind them about what has been discussed.

Do not simply repeat the statements made in the introduction and body paragraphs, instead, alter them without changing the meaning and context of the paper.

Address the contributions of the study

A study or research is always conducted to help people in understanding or learning more about a subject. This implies, there is some information that is already known by researchers as well as audience. Therefore, be specific in stating how the study has added to common knowledge.

This is where you should clearly talk about the importance of the study in brief, showing how it links to the field or course.

Mention challenges faced

This may not apply in all cases since there are certain scientific studies that are effectively accomplished without any shortcomings. In case there were any deficiencies in the methods or other processes of the research, briefly discuss them, including their impacts.

The importance of pointing out the challenges is to help readers or anyone who might want to do the study too in refining your methodology and learning from the said shortcomings.

Give suggestions for future research

The final part of a scientific paper conclusion should also mention any recommendations for additional research on the subject in future. In case your research presents such opportunities, clearly mention, while emphasizing on the key areas of interest and also offering ideas on the same.

Relate the study to real life

One of the best way through which readers can easily understand the discussion in a scientific paper is telling them how your arguments or points can be useful in the real world. Although this is optional, you can at least say something to show how your findings can be put into practice.

Looking at the above steps, it may seem like a conclusion should be long and detailed. However, that is not the case. Remember at this point of the paper, readers have already read much about the subject of the study. Hence, your sentences should be short, specific and only include what is necessary in the last paragraph.

You should also take time to proofread your work before submission to remove mistakes that might have been made while writing.

Examples of Scientific Paper Conclusions

The following sample conclusions for research papers can also give you more insights on how to write a science conclusion.

Example 1

Sample Science Paper Conclusion


According to my experiments, the Energizer maintained its voltage (dependent variable) for approximately a 3% longer period of time (independent variable) than Duracell in a low current drain device. For a medium device, the Energizer maintained its voltage for approximately 10% longer than Duracell…’’

Read the rest of the conclusion here.

Example 2

An effective Conclusion for a Scientific Paper

‘’Scattering in a medium behind a lens can be used to improve the focusing resolution to beyond the diffraction limit of that lens. Because the position of the focus can be chosen, the disordered system even acts as a zoom lens. Surprisingly, the shape of the focus is not affected by experimental limitations…’’

Simply click here to read the entire sample conclusion.

Example 3

Sample Conclusion for a Lab Report

‘’This report has discussed the development of a temperature measurement and display system. The objectives of this study were to develop the necessary hardware and software to have the HC11 measure temperature and indicate whether that temperature fell outside of prescribed limits. Both objectives were met. By keeping track of the measured temperature…’’

Continue reading the sample on this link.

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