Indian spacecraft mission to the Mars
There have been attempts, in recent past by the Indian government in partnership with its space research organization, ISRO to send spacecrafts to the planet of Mars. Though it is a good idea, it has arisen at an inappropriate time taken into account the current economic status in the country. Usually, the Indian government has a budgetary deficit as such, it depends on the British government for financial aid. The largest percentage of Indian people live in urban regions and they lack basic facilities such as toilets. Also, half of the Indian children cannot get proper food as such, a large percentage if malnourished (Burke, 2013). In reference to these reasons and others, the purpose of this paper is to oppose attempts by the Indian government to send spacecraft to Mars. The paper argues such an attempt comes at an inappropriate time and should not be allowed to take place.
To start off, the country does not have the qualifications to send Spacecrafts to Mars. The move is a political strategy not benefiting the India people or the country in any way. According to Pallava Bagla, any attempt by the government to send spacecraft to Mars will result to rivalry between India and China (Burke, 2013). In this instance, the Indian government is making the attempt to showcase superiority in spacecraft to China as was the case of the United States to Russia during the 20th century. This is in relation to the fact China sent its spacecraft to the moon before India. Because of this, the Indian government is interested in demonstrating to the China government its capability of sending spacecrafts to Mars before the Chinese government. Therefore, the attempt of Indian government does not in any way, benefit the country but instead, worsens the economic status in the nation (Dossani, 2008).
India, currently faces a plunge in its currency and has lost its ground against the major currencies across the world. The attempt of sending spacecraft to Mars is an implication the Indian currency is likely to lose ground against the three major currencies even more. The approximate cost of sending spacecraft to Mars is $ 70 million (Burke, 2013). Taking into account that the India government does not have money to finance its budget, then it will likely borrow loans from other countries like Britain. This will have the effect of not only increasing the loan’s budget for the nation, but will worsen the state of the Rupee in international market. As such, the state of national currency will worsen instead of improving in the event the Indian government goes ahead with the plan. Also, the attempt will force the government into looking for income from Indian economy. While this might appear to be a panacea to the issue, it does not offer any viable solution to the issue since the current economic status in the nation is worse already. Precisely because of this, the Indian government is supposed to stop the attempt of sending spacecraft to mars since the decision has come at the wrong time.
India, on the other hand, is a developing nation. This is quite in contrast with other countries that have sent their spacecrafts to Mars that India intends to compete with on the ground. A large percentage of the Indian children also lack proper food and they are malnourished. Also, half of the population lives in urban regions and lacks clean water as well as other basic commodities like steady supply of power. Taken into account the prevailing conditions in India, the government is supposed to re-evaluate its priorities. It is supposed to establish the priorities that come first as well as the ones that come last. In doing so, the Indian government will be in the same position to prioritize issues affecting the Indian citizens apart from those not helping them. At the same time, the government of India will be in the position to offer quality services to citizens opposed to engagement in political battles with China. This will help aid in improving the current economic state in the nation (Bhagwati, & Calomiris, 2008).
For the Indian government to spend £45 million on sending spacecraft to the Mars while that same government relies on aid to finance its budget is quite controversial. India, currently relies on the British government in financing its budget and the current aid figure India receives from British government is roughly £300 million. India also receives the aid every year which is a clear indication of the level of instability in the nation (Burke, 2013). Because of this, it is controversial to spend money on sending spacecraft while the nation relies on aid to finance its deficit budget.
It is important to note as the Indian government prioritizes spending money to send spacecraft to Mars, the citizens continue to struggle with high poverty levels. Also, they struggle with communicable disease the government is unable to control. Additionally, the country also faces new challenges related to urbanization and industrialization (FAO, 2006). While this is happening, new challenges like obesity and over nutrition also lead to high rate of cardiovascular diseases as well as diabetes emerging on a daily basis. In this instance, the size of the country worsens health problems in the country due to the rate at which communicable diseases are spreading. Hence, unless the Indian government addresses health problems in the nation with the urgency needed, it might not be in any position to address them in the future. This means it is not reasonable for the Indian government to spend on sending the spacecrafts while it faces numerous challenges. On the basis of this fact, the government is not supposed to send spacecraft to Mars. Rather, it is supposed to address challenges that face it (Burke, 2013).
This paper established that while it is a good idea to send spacecraft to the Mars, the idea has come at the wrong time. The paper establishes the idea is just a political strategy in the area where the Indian government attempts to portray its technological achievements to the Chinese government. On the basis of this, the paper argues it is not the ideal time for the Indian government to send spacecraft to the Mars because of the following reasons. To start off, the India currency has been losing its stability in international market when compared to other currencies. As such, the increasing national debt of the nation will worsen the current state of the currency. Second, around 40% of the children in the nation are malnourished while half of the population in urban region lacks toilet seats as well as other public facilities. Third, it is controversial to spend money on spacecraft while the nation is not able to finance its budget. Fourth, India faces numerous challenges demanding urgent attention from government.
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Bhagwati, J., & Calomiris, C. (2008). Sustaining India’s growth miracle. New York: Columbia Business School.
Burke, J. (2013). ISRO to launch India’s first spacecraft to Mars. Retrieved on January 7, 2014 from http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/04/india-mars-probe-launch-space
Dossani, R. (2008). India arriving: How this economic powerhouse is redefining global business. New York: AMACOM / American Management Association.
FAO. (2006). The double burden of malnutrition: Case studies from six developing countries. Rome: Food and agriculture organization of the United Nations (FAO).