International Relations: Sample Essay on Poverty in Africa

Poverty in Africa

Africa is a continent that is linked to poverty. This is because the residents have no fundamental requirements to sustain them. In regard to this aspect, African states are perceived to be poor because their economic rates have reduced. Clearly, the GDP of numerous states has been noted to hit a maximum of US $ 52000 in a year.

A good example is at the democratic republic of Congo. It is ranked to be the top because it is the second largest country in African continent. However, it is the poorest country across the world. This is in relation to matters that concern the power to purchase. In reference to the financial year 2012/2013, the GDP at Congo was reported to be US $394.25 per capita.

Equally, Equatorial Guinea became the leading country in Africa to reach a capita GDP of US$36600. This took place in 2010, when Equatorial Guinea depicted progress in its economy (Das, 12). Evidently, the richest states in Africa incorporate Gabon, Nigeria, and South Africa. These countries exhibit an increase in GDP that is dictated by their economies which happen to be industrialized. Increase in economy in the above mentioned states in Africa is also characterized by their presence of natural wealth.

These natural resources are manmade and the already existing resources. There are various reasons that Africa is perceived to be poor. Clearly, Africa lack basic needs to satisfy them in life. Despite having sufficient land that could be used for Agricultural activities, Africa lack proper management. As a result, they end up misusing the lands which renders them in a poverty situation. In addition, diseases such as Ebola and HIV/AIDS also contribute to poor condition in the continent. The diseases tend to take away lives of individuals in working class hence degrade their economies. Poor system of education, political instability and bad infrastructure also contributes to poverty in Africa.


Works Cited

Das, Ratan. “Poverty and Hunger in Africa: Causes and consequences.” Sarup & Sons. 2010. Print.

White Howards, Killick Tony& Kayizzi-Mugerwa Steve. “African poverty at the millennium: Causes, complexities, and challenges.” Washington, DC: World Bank Publications. 2013. Print.



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