- What are the specific laws of your state regarding rape? Your response must be in your own words
According to Arizona State law, rape entails having forced sexual intercourse that is non-consensual and with someone other than the wife. According to the provision, the intercourse must be committed by use of threats of harm, physical force, or any form of duress(Decker & Baroni 2011).
- How does your state’s laws differentiate between adult and juvenile rape victims?
Arizona state law identifies a juvenile rape victim as one below the age of 18. Adults are recognized as victims above the age of 18. According to Arizona state law on rape, a victim under the age of 18 is incapable of assenting to sexual intercourse and any act towards sexual intercourse is prohibited(Decker & Baroni 2011). However, for an adult, the sexual intercourse must be forced, under, threat or duress, and the victim refuses into the act.
- If the victim were 14 years old, the suspect were 17 years old, and the sex was consensual, how would this affect the ability to charge the suspect with the crime in your state
According to the law, a 14 year old is legally unable to agree to sexual intercourse (Decker & Baroni 2011). With a 17 year old teenager as the suspect, the law may deem it as sexual abuse and reduce the magnitude of the offense due to the under age of both parties involved.
- What if the victim were 14, the suspect were 17, and the rape were forced—how would this then effect your ability to charge the individual?
Arizona has exceptions towards rape cases involving minors or teenagers who have close age difference. The Romeo and Juliet exception prevents severe criminal charges against such teenagers of 14 and 17 years old (Decker& Baroni2011). The challenge in charging the individual would emanate from the fact that the age differenceof the two is more than 2 years,although the 17 year old suspect may be considered consciously aware of the wrongful act which may also pose a legal challenge to prove.
- In the given incident from the Phase, what would the likely charges be against the suspect?
The victim would mostly be charged with the crime of sexual abuse or sexual assault as a minor.
- What types of stress-relieving techniques would you recommend that an investigator use regularly? Explain
The combined body and mind exercises is noted as the most effective method for law enforcement officer such as detectives in managing and controlling stress. Commonly known as the Rx3x, the technique involves stress management exercises carried out thrice in a day (Marmolejo 2010). It involves a physical fitness exercise that may last between 30 to 45 minutes each day. The exercise focuses on building on aerobic wellness. The buffer workout is intended to reduce stress and involves workout between place of work and home. The stress management period in the late hours of the day is intended to reduce mental tension.
- How can stress on the crime scene affect an investigator’s conduct? Explain
Stress may result in chronic problems that may affect both body and mind. It may cause disruptions in one’s work schedules, fatigue, poor appetite, in addition to insufficient self care.
- What are the department’s options when dealing with a detective who is under a lot of stress?
The department may propose and give the detective forced leave to relax. Additionally, it may enroll the detective in a stress management therapy lessons or psychological help. Alternatively, it may reduce the officers work load and delegate only minor duties to reduce the levels of stress.
- What would you recommend be done with an investigator who is under a significant amount of stress? Why?
The only options are viable in this care; forced leave that will give the detective sufficient time to recuperate and enrolling the officer in a stress management course/therapy. It is aimed at preventing chronic effects of the tension building up in the detectives workload and prevention of severe health complications (Marmolejo 2010).
- Can the department force the detective to get psychological help to combat the stress?
Of course, yes.
Decker, J. F., & Baroni, P. G. (2011). ” No” still means” yes”: the failure of the” non-consent” reform movement in American rape and sexual assault law. The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology (1973-), 101(4), 1081-1169.
Marmolejo, A. P. (2010). Stress Management With Routine Physical Fitness Amongst Law Enforcement Officers (Doctoral dissertation).