Transportation has undergone massive evolution to satisfy a wide range of sectors. A sustainable, efficient, and cost-effective transport system is, undoubtedly, crucial to the economic, political, social, and environmental development. Today we can easily move from one place to another despite the distance because the transportation sector has risen to complex and efficient levels. The sector has changed with the expansion of human understanding and culture. Demand for mobility, challenges in financing, and environmental concerns have contributed to the transformation in the world of transportation. Policy makers, considering the above factors, strive to develop transportation systems that meet the needs of the economy and society. As a result, transportation services have changed in various ways including technology integration, prevalence of Transport Management Systems (TMS), and enhanced innovation.
Due to advanced technology, new devices and tracking programs are increasingly bringing automation in the transportation industry. Logistics companies use GPS systems for tracking vehicles, route optimization through real-time feedback, and to improve vehicle utilization among other uses. The Internet of Things (IoT) also enables transportation companies to monitor and remotely control equipment, as well as receiving alerts when repair or service of a machine is required. There has also been a widespread use of Transportation Management Systems, which allow for improved growth and improvement in the transportation sector. TMS ensures that activities like analysis of metrics, assessments, and execution of strategies are performed from a centralized location for efficiency. Lastly, the transportation sector has shifted towards innovation through which efficient products like Uber or Lyft are growing drastically. These innovative transportation solutions have enhanced shipment by enabling same-day or next-day delivery.