Managing abdomen disorders
Prostatitis is a common problem that many men who have not reached the age of 50 face. It can either be a chronic condition or sometimes acute. The main cause of acute prostatitis is an infection that triggers inflammation while chronic prostatitis is caused by a recurring bacterial infection that leaks through to the prostate gland (WebMD 1). Some of the presenting symptoms of the disease include: pain around the penis or scrotum, high fever, lower back pain, chills, joint pain, trouble peeing, blood in the semen, pain during ejaculation, abdominal pain, and muscle aches (Balentine and Doerr 1). Some people confuse prostatitis with UTI but that is not true because UTI is an infection that mainly attacks the urinary tract.
The first intervention involves analyzing the patient’s urine sample before confirming the diagnosis by conducting an examination that involves digital rectal examination to identify any signs of abnormal glands. The next step involves collecting and testing prostatic fluid sample to test for any form of infection which will be used to confirm the diagnosis. The treatment given to the patient will depend on the underlying cause of the disease which has been detected during examination. The first medication given to the patient is antibiotics which will be combined with anti-inflammatory medications and alpha-blockers. The prescription will involve 4-8 weeks of use of penetrating antibiotics like trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole or using alpha-blocking agents in case the patient is having pelvic pain syndrome (Turek and Taylor 1). However, in case it is detected that the prostatitis is severe and chronic, there is a need for them to be referred to a specialist to avoid things like infertility, urinary retention, or spread of the infection that can lead to death. When referring the patient, the nurse will include the patient name, the type of prescription give, the dosage given, and the quantity to dispense. A follow-up appointment is important if the nurse realized the prostatitis was chronic and had referred the patient to another specialist. He/she can plan to visit the patient to confirm if they continued with the treatment as had been proposed.
Balentine, Jerry and Doerr, Steven. Prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate glands). Retrieved from https://www.medicinenet.com/prostatitis _inflammation _of_the_prostate_gland/article. htm#how_is_the_diagnosis_of_prostatitis_made
Turek, Paul. and Taylor, Jeter. “Prostatitis Medication.” Medscape https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/785418-medication Accessed 20 Mar, 2017.
WebMD. What is Prostatitis? Retrieved from https://www.webmd.com/men/guide/prostatitis#1