Nursing Essays on Impacts of Public Health Policies and Interventions

Abstract

The public health policies and interventions influence the lives of individuals on daily basis. This paper aims at illustrating how these healthcare initiatives affect the daily lives of individuals as well as application of the primary, secondary, and tertiary interventions.

Introduction

The public health policies and interventions are programs and initiatives that are scientifically proven to produce better health outcomes within populations. These healthcare initiatives aim at preventing epidemic and spreading of diseases, improving the health of individuals, as well as the environment in which they live in, through integration of these policies and interventions in their daily lives. Equally, they shape and promote healthy behavior among populations thus promoting healthy living for children and families. Implementation of healthcare interventions contributes significantly in reducing the cost burden both on individuals as well as the healthcare systems in the long run, in addition to mortality rate reduction. Therefore public health policies and interventions are essential in ensuring the wellbeing of populations at large on daily basis.

How Public Health Policies and Interventions affect Daily Living

The World Health Organization indicates that public health interventions refers to all organized measures including private and public that prevent diseases, promote health, and increase life expectancy among populations as a whole (Thomson et al., 2016). The government and other private sectors are involved in ensuring that public health is administered effectively in all regions within the nation in accordance to formulated public health policies and interventions. In our daily living, our health is impacted directly through health care systems or policies that seek to promote public health, or indirectly through acquiring knowledge and skills, benefiting from the social security as well as proper housing. Public healthcare policies and interventions influence our behavior, lives, as well as work. For instance washing of hands before eating or after visiting the toilet, drinking clean and safe water, brushing teeth after every meal, fastening of seatbelts, performing exercises, visiting antenatal clinics , testing for HIV/AIDS, wearing protective clothing while at work, as well as smoking in secluded areas, are all thanks to policies and interventions. Several sectors including the workplace, healthcare facilities, roads, as well as public spaces are all governed by public health policies and intervention to ensure healthy conditions for populations.

In healthcare facilities, there are several policies and interventions that healthcare practitioners must observe to ensure continuous delivery of quality services to patients. For them to practice healthcare service delivery, they must have attained a certain level of education in the field of medicine for appropriate knowledge and skills. They must ensure that they observe all policies and interventions in the organization for patient’s safety like effective use of bar codes and checklists. For instance, they must ensure proper diagnosis and treatment to prevent medical errors, washing hands before attending to a patient, as well as proper record keeping for patients. Besides offering treatment, healthcare practitioners guide patients on healthy living tips like alerting the public on dangers smoking, alcohol consumption, creating awareness of diseases like HIV/AIDS and cancer, providing food and nutrition guidance for expectant mothers and infants, immunizing children against diseases like polio and measles, as well as emphasizing on the benefits of regular proper washing of hands. Proper observation of this healthcare interventions enhances healthy living of individuals.

Forms of Interventions

At work places, there are public health policies and interventions that promote healthy working of environment for all workers. This policies ensure that workers operate in an environment free from danger that may cause injury, deaths, or poor health conditions of workers. For instance, based on the OSH Act, employers are obligated to provide a safe working environment for all employees (OSHA, 2017). To ensure implementation of this policy, the employers must ensure; proper training of employees including detection and handling of hazards in addition to preparing and responding to emergencies; minimize or eliminate hazards, and provide appropriate personal protective equipment to protect the employee against health or safety risks. These interventions promotes the well-being of workers by preventing accidents.

Interventions occur in different forms of interventions namely; primary, secondary, and tertiary preventions. According to the Institute for Work and Health (2015), primary preventions are interventions that are used to prevent disease or injury by reducing exposure to health risks, for instance, immunization against diseases like polio. Secondary prevention is an intervention that aims at preventing the progression of a disease or injury that has already occurred through diagnosis and treatment, for instance, regular screening to detect diseases like cancer in early stages to prevent advancement. On the other hand, tertiary prevention is used when reducing the effects of an ongoing chronic disease or injury, for instance, the usage of ARVs for patients with HIV virus.

Conclusion

It is evident that public health policies and interventions influence the daily lives of populations. These interventions seek to prevent epidemics and spread of diseases or injuries, promote healthy living for adults and children, as well as protecting individuals against hazards both at home and workplace. Healthcare practitioners contribute greatly in ensuring the safety of patients through observing the policies and interventions developed for quality healthcare service delivery, creating awareness of infectious diseases and guiding the public on healthy living tips. At workplaces, policies and interventions are used to enhance the worker’s safety by ensuring a healthy working environment and proper training of employees. Interventions can be primary, secondary, or tertiary. Primary interventions aims at preventing occurrence of a disease or injury. Secondary intervention aims at reducing progression of a disease that has already occurred, while tertiary interventions reduces the effects of an ongoing chronic disease. Therefore, public health policies and interventions are vital in promoting healthy living of populations.

 

Works Cited

Institute for Work and Health (2015). Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Prevention. Institute for Work and Health. Retrieved from. https://www.iwh.on.ca/what-researchers-mean-by/primary-secondary-and-tertiary-prevention.

OSHA (2017). Worker’s Rights. U.S. Department of Labor. Retrieved from https://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3021.pdf.

Thomson, Katie, Bambra, Clare, McNamara Courtney, Huijts, Tim, & Tod, Adam (2016). The effects of public health policies on population health and health inequalities in European welfare states: protocol for an umbrella review.” Biomedcentral. Retrieved from https://systematicreviewsjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13643-016-0235-3.