Nursing Paper on Impact of Stress in Nursing

Impact of Stress in Nursing

Introduction

Health care is a major aspect in development of a community and country. Services offered by professionals in this field should be highly considered when it comes to budgeting and planning by the respective governments. The environments and general working conditions, which include the working places in this case the hospitals mainly as the health care centers and where this professionals practice their skills, should be developed and frequently checked to maintain certain standards for them.

Professionals in the nursing field engage in diverse activities as part of their job descriptions; daily meeting and interacting with new patients from different backgrounds having different medical conditions from mental illnesses to minor injuries and fractures. The number of patients coming in for treatment each with a distinct condition cannot be overestimated, at times, the treatment centers receive more cases that overwhelm the capabilities and staff a health center. The number of nurses in a country for instance the United States of America has most of the citizens having joined the nursing field compared to other professional fields however, these nurses are not yet enough to handle the cases in their hospitals.

Few nurses mean more work for these individuals in the field including more working hours than expected. Working on double shifts is a common activity in the nursing field where there is common over stretching of the staff (Hughes 2008). As much as nursing s a professional field, not all individuals can survive in this field, it requires more than academic skills. Nursing is a more of social work, interacting with different emotions and helping people heal not only through medicine but also emotionally; it demands a lot of self sacrificing from a professional in the nursing field. These people need more support from the public and administration in the government relevant of taking care of their welfare because they also get tired and worked up in as much as they love doing this job.

According to Ember (2008), these professionals in nursing bear burden of families with patients in hospitals, they have to understand each condition of patients they are involved in as they also act as a link between the patient and the doctor and also with the family at home. They therefore undergo a lot of mental work and torture while having to bear conditions of the many patients in hospital and help them get through the conditions while also ensuring they administer the drugs as per the instructions by the physicians; nursing is therefore both a science and a service profession.

These challenges have been recurrent in the nursing field since the early decades in the days of Florence Nightingale who had significant efforts in developing this field as a service skilled field (Bonnie 2008). During the World War, men involved and wounded in the battle field had to be taken care of and this was a start of this service where most of the women came out to help in nursing the wounds while skills on how to go about the activities were being instilled in them before the training colleges were formed.

In as much as the nursing field has made significant development as a service industry and professional field, many of the previously faced challenges and problems persist, for instance, shortage of trained personnel in the field to care for the overwhelming numbers of patients in the hospitals. Nurses on the other hand suffer risks of infection while handling the patients in their daily activities at the respective places of work. Here, minor accidents as sticking out a needle or body fluid splashing on nurses can cause great injury; part of the hard work they engage in includes physical strain where they are required at some point to help out patients to move, these patients who at times are much heavier and bigger in size than them.

The thriving of nursing field compared to a century back ago is actually impressive, however these repetitive challenges that the field continuously faces in connection to skilled professionals working as nurses may have great negative impacts in the future of the profession. While patient care is focused on as a key aspect in improving health care, health and welfare of nurses in this era where work stress directly contributes to failure and under performance in organizations should not be overlooked. Knowledge of the history, purpose of this specific area of nursing in health care helps to analyze the background and be able to justify the required specific area of focus in the field. This paper therefore evaluates the impact of stress on job satisfaction particularly to individuals in nursing profession (Olofsson et al, 2008).

Rationale

Nursing as one of the areas analyzed in health care field is a critical area of study and professionalism, which directly affects individuals and groups in a country both economically, socially and politically and thus an important to focus in this area. Individuals working in these fields are directly involved with patients the public takes to them for health care in these various treatment centers, how they handle the patients, and the services offered by these nurses largely depends with their satisfaction at the places of work (Muller 2009).

Stress on an employee directly affects production of such an individual at work; nurses being a demanding profession has a lot of issues that lead to stress on the professionals in this field. Grant (2006) highlights some common causes of stress in the nursing unit to include watching patients suffer in hospital to their death beds and thereafter having to deal and cope with the grief of the respective families. Also having difficulty in finding time for personal issues including sleep because of rotating double shifts, and how close these nurses are exposed to deadly diseases while at the same time required to dress and wash wounds at times to indecent and indifferent personalities

Professional versus personal role is an upcoming issue in nursing field and general work force in the world where individuals feel they should have enough time to attend to issues both at work and their homes, to be actively involved in activities in these two places (Bailey and Clarke, 2009). Nursing for instance does not allow much time for an individual to be involved with personal issues, this feeling of being compelled to make a choice between home and work is a major concern and thus stress for nurses.

Similar to many other work environments and professional field, integration of various generations where they have to work together for instance in nursing new professionals in their 20’s and 30 years working in the same units with counterparts in their 50s poses quite a challenge. The way they view work is different where there is a constant conflict where the older professionals focus on their traditional roles while the young professionals who mostly prefer autonomy in work other than bureaucracy (Olofsson et al, 2008).

Job satisfaction is a very important feature that determines productivity of an employee in all the work force and different professions in the world. Personal time is currently an important factor being considered more than financial compensation; this is a priority for one especially in the generation X in agreement on terms of work with the employer before taking up a job (Cohen and Cesta, 2005). Nursing profession is not immune to this, as much as these new professionals in the field love their job personal time to undertake their own social activities and catching up with friends is a major concern for them. Nursing profession in its demanding nature however does not allow this; this is a critical factor for these professionals that clearly define their job dissatisfaction.

Dissatisfaction combined with several factors that lead to stress in a work environment for this case nursing field has great effects on the services offered and productivity of an individual affected by this issues (Gellis, 2007). A dissatisfied stress nurse is more likely to pass on the pressure piled up to the next person in line who is the patient, this compromises the quality of service offered. Proper care and gentle handling of the patients is an important factor in the healing process other administration of drugs prescribed by the physician, this is a role to be played by the nurses (Jones 2005).

 

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