Windshield Survey of Surrey City, British Columbia
Surrey is one of the cities in British Columbia province. It is a member of the Metro Vancouver regional area together with the metropolitan areas (Purdey, Halliday, & Macaree, 2014). As a suburban city, Surrey comes third size-wise. By population, the city is the second largest after Vancouver (Purdey, Halliday, & Macaree, 2014). The population is Surrey has been on a growth trend over the past decade. In the year 2006, the population was recorded at 396, 976, which was an increase by 13.6 from the year 2001 (Purdey, Halliday, & Macaree, 2014). The city has a non-minority population of around 211, 445 giving a 53.9% of the population of the city. The city’s minorities constitute 46.1% the aboriginal people form around 1.9% of the population. (Purdey, Halliday, & Macaree, 2014). Subsequent research has indicated that the Surrey City had 508, 040 residents within the city in 2014, while in 2016, the city had a population of around 517, 887. Similarly, the city had the highest median income amounting to about CND$78, 283. The average income of the family was about $85, 765.
Surveillance in Surrey
The economic prowess of Surrey has been attributed to agriculture. A vibrant and robust farming culture has been fostered by the city. Surrey’s land is designated for food production for feeding the ever increasing population. The use of agriculture has also helped in the employment opportunities to the residents. The use of agriculture invigorates the economy of Surrey as it employees over 2.6% of the overall labour. Other processes such as manufacturing are diversified with products developed for the emerging industries. This ranges from lumber cutting to turbine construction, as well as utilizing clean energy.
Some rural regions in Surrey have great and vast spaces for agriculture and farming. The Surrey town that I assessed has a minimum to moderate green spaces available. Space is reserved for the public playgrounds, outdoor sports, fields, and town parks. The open spaces are filled with people walking their dogs around, football practice, as well as children in the playground. The general observation is that the places look safe and secure. The football grounds were well groomed, and the playing kids appeared old enough and did not require supervision from their guardians and families. Parents accompanied their little children as they played in the open grounds. Similarly, there was adequate lighting with the erected streetlights in good condition.
Although Surrey is not as large as Vancouver in terms of technology, it has an emerging technology sector with a highly anticipated incubator that will bring innovative ideas to the market. There are several start-up companies, investors, local innovators, and entrepreneurs in Surrey. The leading companies include Powertech Labs. BC Hydro, which focuses on consultation of clean energy, power solutions, and testing. BC Hydro also deals with power systems, distributing clean markets, and safe transportation. The Safe Software Company also provides software focussed on the management systems, file formats and structures for both spatial and non-spatial of both spatial and non-spatial data. FINCAD, which is the recent leading corporate analytics and derivative pricing supplier is also in Surrey (Purdey, Halliday, & Macaree, 2014).
Since Surrey is one of the major cities, it has various social amenities and infrastructure. The city is strategically located and thereby attracts large crowds of people, resources, and revenues. The city has an appropriate planning with different services strategically located for accessibility purposes. The police and firefighter teams are just a few minutes away from Surrey town itself. From my observation, I consider the Surrey area safe, secure and protected. However, I did not notice any local ambulances, and this is an issue of concern for the health of the residents.
The health sector is one of the critical areas of Surrey city. It has contributed significantly to the economic growth of the city. Surrey city has more than 900 businesses enterprises and they mainly deal with infectious diseases, neuroscience, oncology, bio-science, and regenerative medicine (Purdey, Halliday, & Macaree, 2014). The predominantly known Surrey Memorial Hospital is currently the second largest city employer. I further found out that the hospital operates an annual budget of $149.2 million. Similarly, Fraser Healthcare employs over 4100 employees and has an active number of over 350 physicians (Purdey, Halliday, & Macaree, 2014).
In addition to over 100 elementary schools, Surrey also has 21 secondary schools. Other private schools include Calvary, Southridge School, Regent, White Rock Christian, Pacific academies, Holy Cross Regional School, and Surrey Christian School. The public middle schools do not exist in Surrey. There are around 65, 000 students that are currently enrolled in private and public schools in Surrey. In addition, Surrey has Simon Fraser University, a high education institution and technical university that is proposed for the NDP led provincial government and Fraser River. The Kwantlen Polytechnic University is a polytechnic education establishment, set up to cater for the augmenting need and demand for vocational training, which is within the Surrey region. It has different programs and provisions that centre on arts, business, arts, health and science.
Houses of Worship
There are quite a number of churches in this village. In fact, my place of residence is just in front of the Ukrainian Church. The community also has diverse religions with catholic being the most predominant and practiced affiliation (Purdey, Halliday, & Macaree, 2014). The churches and cathedrals are well-maintained and occupied for holiday masses, Sunday masses, baptismal events, and weddings (Purdey, Halliday, & Macaree, 2014).
There are a number of stores in Surrey. During my observation, I managed to observe the two commonly stores used within the community. There were also a number of gas stations within the same community. These include Stewarts, Fastrac, Easiest, and Nice. I am not very familiar with the local markets in the community and neither did I manage to observe any during my surveillance. The community also has other clothing stores like K-Mart, Wal-Mart, and the Herb Phillipson’s. The representation of the stores reveals their affordability as compared to the average income of the Surrey residents. The community also has restaurants including the fast foods such as Burger King and McDonald’s. There are also other locally-owned Italian restaurants and pizzerias that represent less the ethnic composition of the community.
The environment in Surrey is relatively clean with less trash on the streets. The open space had green grass, and one could notice any dirt in the environment. I also did notice the presence of a few vacant properties but with no signs of abandonment. However, during my stay, a house that was on fire in my neighbourhood, and this left charred decay from the inferno. The place has not yet been renovated after the fire. The Surrey village is largely clean, and there is minimal decay in the environment.
During my surveillance, I observed diverse kinds of people outside walking around the community. The population varied in terms of age and ethnicity. Since the time during my stay was college time, I noticed a number of students of different races and ethnicity. It was alarming seeing the big percentage of individuals and people smoking. It was an open manifestation as many individuals both men and women smoked within their cars and even along the roadside. The smokers were in different ages from teenage college students to adults in their middle ages. There were also a number of adults probably overweight also involved in smoking.
Almost all the activities and services can be found in Surrey. Since it is a large city, it attracts all the other services and goods into its precincts. Surrey community offers different and diverse services to its residents. There are education facilities in town with different public and private educational facilities in elementary school, high schools, as well as in universities. There are also a number of saloons for the women and some men. As for recreation, there are various centres but not many leisure activities observed during my stay. The services are within the town, and therefore, readily available to the residents.
Besides, the major sources of media like Vancouver, the other media houses include The Survey Now, Peace Arch News, and Surrey Leader (Purdey, Halliday, & Macaree, 2014). The city also hosts South Asian Broadcasting. It is also the residence of the ReD-FM and the Asian Journal Newspaper. To others like My Surrey, an English-language station, is also part of the many other media stations in Surrey city.
The survey involved directly conducting surveillance along the Scott Road Connection Day Program in the North Delta. The North Delta has the Delta Community Living Society, an organization whose main aim is to improve the quality of life for people affected by disabilities. The organization then supports them to be valued citizens in the society. Additionally, the society works towards making sure that all the individuals that it serves access the finest mental and physical health, thus attain their goals, which promotes their autonomy.
The Delta Community also works together with the society members, families, and members of other networks to come up with the Personal Life Plan. The plan developed brings out the reflection of an individual’s desired lifestyle. The developed plans also should serve as stepping benchmarks for evaluation and monitoring (Taylor, Azevedo-Gilbert, & Gabe, 2012). In my surveillance, I found out that the organization was carrying out different community-based activities to serve the mentally and physically challenged individuals. The role of the organization was very clear within Surrey and visible within the society as it put in structures to alleviate the lives of the mentally challenged. However, some areas can be considered in the evaluation of the health situation in Surrey County. The factors include access to quality health, community preparedness, chronic disease prevalence, healthy environment, children, infectious disease, substance abuse, mental health, tobacco use, exercises and nutrition, and the unintentional injuries. Throughout my in-depth research and investigations on the health conditions of the community, three community problems were identified (Taylor, Azevedo-Gilbert, & Gabe, 2012). These factors were first, the lack of adequate access to healthcare, the concerns of the healthy mothers, children, and babies, and the occurrence of chronic diseases such as stroke and cardiovascular diseases.
My emphasis was on healthcare because there exists significant financial barriers in the provision of healthcare services for Surrey community due to lack of insurance. There are many hospitals and healthcare facilities both public and private centres. However, there is also a percentage of mentally challenged individuals within the city. Furthermore, from my analysis, there was a rise in mortality rates from chronic illnesses such as heart attacks, cardiovascular diseases, and stroke, which I attributed to the lack of advanced care options for Surrey residents. Indeed, as mentioned before, chronic diseases are prevalent as a result of poor lifestyle and stress disorders. According to the New York State Department of Health from 2008 to 2010, out of 10, 000 people, 32.6% individuals had a social disadvantage and lived in poverty in comparison to 27.5% of New York. There are also other limited screenings in the rural parts of Surrey community for mental problems (Taylor, Azevedo-Gilbert, & Gabe, 2012). However, there are no reduction and prevention measures, and this has led to a dramatic increase in mental diseases. Similarly, in reference to the statistics coming from the NYSDH, out of 10, 000 people, 20.9% of the residents in Surrey registered stress disorders in comparison to 18.1% of all the New York.
According to the research and in-depth analysis conducted, I discovered that one of the major reasons contributing to mental illness includes childhood abuse and neglect. However, through the Delta Community Living Society during my surveillance, I managed to determine that there were also other reasons as to why the mental illness is prevalent. The health facilities have tried to put up the necessary measures to deal with mental problems. Some health facilities have created special centres within the hospital precincts to address mental issues. Surrey too has invested in the healthcare centres, specifically in the mental treatment to alleviate the current conditions (Freeland, 2012). The city municipality should also support the different organizations that engage in meaningful activities to support such organizations.
Surrey City has grown tremendously over the past two decades. However, various issues are worth considering investing in such as in mental health care. The city should come up with other processes and mechanisms to reduce the prevalence of mental illness. The municipality, for instance, should increase the number of counsellors to deal with the stress disorders that renders the victims vulnerable to the mental illness. Besides the issues that require more investment in, the city remains clean, well-organized and meets the status of healthcare standards. During my surveillance, I observed diverse kinds of people outside walking around the community. The area is host to people from distinct cultural backgrounds. Also, due to the distinction in cultural practices, religion is also practised in the region, with various religious affiliations evident in the city. Besides, various institutions are present within the community such as schools, hospitals, playgrounds, among others. The representation of the stories reveals their affordability as compared to the average income of the Surrey residents
Freeland, K. (2012). Medical and psychiatric conditions in patients with developmental disabilities. Mental Health Clinician, 2(3), 56-59.
Purdey, A., Halliday, J., Macaree, M., & Macaree, D. (2014). 109 walks in British Columbia’s lower mainland.
Taylor, C., Azevedo-Gilbert, R., & Gabe, S. (2012). Rehabilitation needs following stoma formation: a patient survey. British Journal of Community Nursing, 17(3), 102-107.