Paper on Future Direction of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Future Direction of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common developmental disorder that majorly affects children and young people although it often persists to adulthood as well. The future management of this problem among the young population requires a multimodal approach. The approach involves behavioral management, social support and community intervention, links with education, and pharmacotherapy.

Behavioral management of ADHD is effective when contingency measures are put in place both at home and at school. It results in reduced symptoms, conduct problems, and defiance. It also enhances the young population’s self-esteem and embraces their academic improvements. For behavioral management to be effective, it needs to be put into place or sustained on the young population for over a long period of time.  As such, it should include appropriate strategies to simplify, shorten the tasks carried by the affected young population. Additionally, the strategies should stress the positive and negative reinforcement as well as proper use of time in the management of the ADHD affecting behaviors of the young population. Statistics indicate that behavioral management, when used alongside pharmacotherapy, is more effective as it allows for lower doses of medication rather than the use of individualized cognitive behavioral therapy.

ADHD is often expensive, time-consuming, and offers a burden to families of the children and young people affected with the disorder. These families are often subjected to stress and pressure. Social support and community intervention are an effective multimodal management approach in such a situation. Many families often differ in their financial capacities to cope with the cost of managing ADHD. Social support and community interventions such as offering financial help and befriending the ADHD affected families would be pivotal in the management of the disorder (Steer, 2005). Also, there is a need to advocate for the recognition, planning, allocation of better resources to manage the disorder within the social services.

Disorder management is pivotal as it helps to ensure that the performance and behavior of the ADHD affected children and young people are optimized. As such, clinicians and teachers need to hold meetings to establish effective approaches to managing the situation. They can inform and educate the children and young people about the disorder. There should be maintenance of privacy for the affected population within the school environment when receiving treatment as medication for the same is a potential for embarrassment and reduced compliance.

Treatment of ADHD in children and young people when combined with pharmacotherapy entails psychosocial interventions. In pharmacotherapy, stimulants are always of significant importance in the management of the disorder despite having short term effects. The effects include potential long-term growth concerns, insomnia, abdominal pain, and appetite suppression (Steer, 2005). However, stimulants prove to be ineffective in some children and young people who account for approximately 30 percent of the ADHD affected the population. Thus, most of the affected population often withdraw from treatment. Moreover, the use of atomoxetine, a non-stimulant drug is pivotal in the treatment or management of the disorder. The use of the drug includes once-daily dosing that can encourage most of the ADHD affected children and young people to engage in treatment. The drug has positive effects on the affected children and young people’s mood, anxiety, and sleep.

In sum, linking education to the treatment of the disorder is pivotal as it largely improves the long-term outcomes of ADHD. A collaboration between health centers and clinicians would help to generate quality research that would enhance the ADHD management approaches. Moreover, effective training opportunities should be initiated to help the management of the disorder in the future.

 

 

 

Reference

Steer, C. R. (2005). Managing attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: unmet needs and future directions. Archives of disease in childhood90(suppl 1), i19-i25. Retrieved from https://adc.bmj.com/content/archdischild/90/suppl_1/i19.full.pdf