Social control theories
Social control theory is vital in the category of criminology to foster understanding in socialization procedure. This theory is related to the scheme that in a community, there is a system that takes advantage of social learning process among individuals. As a result, this factor enables people to embrace self control. This has an impact in their life because they reduce the tendency to be part of antisocial characters.
Additionally, this theory is effective when it incorporates concepts that control individuals to go against the law. These factors range from norms and values that upgrade how people relate in a society. According to proponents of this theory, when values and morals are embraced in society, it makes the bonds of the residents to be stronger. As a result, the customs reduces their capability of committing crimes in the society. Furthermore, the social control theory aims at understanding potential strategies to eradicate illegal behaviors.
Clearly, this theory does not incorporate aspects that facilitate crime to occur in America. However, it advocates for the fact that individuals may be part of numerous activities, but they should not hinder their socialization procedure. This theory is useful because it assists criminologists to give details concerning the rate of crimes in United States. The significant reasons that control individuals to avoid illegal activities include attachment to the community’s moral values (Garland, 2002).
This implies that when individuals embrace these values, they develop self control that deters them from being part of the crime. Furthermore, this theory involves a third party who controls citizens from criminal activities. The situation when the third party is in charge can also be termed as homicide. This is due to increase among individuals who enhance peace to handle disputes. Critics reveal that this theory revolves on factors such as personal beliefs to eradicate crime. Social theorists argue that individuals cannot be part of the illegal behaviors especially if they understand that it will ruin their reputation.
Garland, D., (2002). “Of Crimes and Criminals”. In Maguire, Mike, Rod Morgan, Robert Reiner. The Oxford Handbook of Criminology, 3rd edition. Oxford University Press. p. 21.
Hayward, K., (2004). City Limits: Crime, Consumerism and the Urban Experience. Routledge. p. 89.
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