Slab building is a process where artists manually create an artwork using smooth clay slabs. There are different ways of making a slab. The commonest method is by manually rolling the slab using a pin. Artist flattens the clay to a stable thickness and forces a mass of clay through roller machine to create a stable. Slabs can be used to build functional vessels and in many cases this gives the artist more liberty to change a form from the start of the process. The practice of slab building has been widely used by Mesoamerican potters. However, apart from these potters, slab pots were incredibly minor participants in the hand building field of other antique cultures throughout the world.
In recent times, slab building methods are beginning take a different shape and acquire a fresh recognition. Ceramic sculptors are currently embracing the slab by forming artwork through soft slabs as well as hard leather slabs. Majority of artists have introduced methods that use damp slabs that are recently rolled out. The flexible slabs are used to create attractive structures regularly looking like leather. They can also be jointly used with slump casts to form repeatable shapes, giving the potter freedom to focus more on finishing the shape with exterior textures and ornaments. Once the hand-built slab is finished, it should be dried thoroughly prior the firing process. It is essential to dry the piece bit by bit and uniformly. Handles always dry faster when compared to the other parts of the piece and can cause cracking. In case where the piece dries too hastily it may crack or deform. The best way of drying the artwork is by covering it using a newspaper thereby enabling the moisture to evaporate at a slow rate.