Sample Art Essays on Building Blocks of Art

Visual elements of line, shape, tone, color, pattern, texture and form are the building blocks of describing art work such as drawings, paintings, and sculpture.  Aside from lines defining the edge of a form, actual lines also portray the different characteristics that the artists intended to display to the viewers. The lines may be horizontal, vertical, curvy, straight, thin, path finding, zigzag, angular, or loopy. Each of these different lines portrays specific traits. On the other hand, colors have been used by artists to display different traits. Depending on the intensity, value, and hue of the colors used on the artwork, the viewers are able to discern the different traits portrayed by the art piece. Below is a description of the following artworks;


The above artwork entails curvilinear, horizontal and vertical lines. The curvilinear lines are clearly displayed on the flowers, and on the painted mat vegetation. The vertical and horizontal lines are displayed as straight blue lines making the edges of the embroidery Uzbekistan. This artwork is characterized by organic shapes which create a relaxed, fluid feeling, natural atmosphere.  The leaves, fruits and flowers are biomorphic in shape as presented by their free flowing edges (Malloy 57). The image is also characterized by glowing bright light that represent daylight. The artwork is also characterized by primary colors namely; blue, red and yellow. The yellow color of the sunflowers is the lightest in value. The blue color shades in the image display a cool atmosphere where as yellow and red represent a warm environment.

The painting above displays different tints of the blue sea. The artist used monochromatic harmony to combine different intensities and value of colour blue. The lines in the painting are mainly horizontal and parallel to the earth to indicate a sign of rest. The diagonal lines of the fish indicate motion or movement.



The lines on the image above are referred to as implied lines. The horizontal lines portrayed by the sea represent a condition of rest or relaxation. The diagonal lines presented by the green vegetation indicate a sign of motion and growth (Prince 23). The image also portrays different organic natural shapes. The texture of the above image also displays analogous color scheme of yellow green, green, blue green and blue. These colors also indicate a cool and calm atmospheric condition. The artist used visual textures that displayed soft, rough, and smooth textures. The blurring outline of the image also creates an illusion of motion.


The vertical lines presented by the trees represent the height or growth of the trees. The diagonal line of the ground represents the slanted topography of the landscape. The horizontal lines on the horizon where the sky meets the land indicate a sign of rest. The positive spaces of the image are covered by human beings whereas the negative spaces are covered by vast landscape (Malloy 53). The image is also blending as the transition of value from light to dark occurs progressively and the change between the value is soft and flowing (Malloy 59). The outline is in rectangular shape while the organic shapes are displayed by the vegetation, trees, sky, and the animal. The organic shapes create natural and more relaxed scenery. The lighting displayed on the artwork emanates from the sun during sunset. The artist also used analogous colors that are yellow, yellow-green, and green.


The artwork above is characterized by implied lines that direct the viewer’s interest on the shape, color, and composition. The image is also of low-contrast value as there is no much difference between the degrees of light used in the artwork.  The painting also consists of primary colors; red, blue, and yellow. The texture of the painting is described as visual as the artist renders an illusion of texture on a flat surface painting. The painting displays the culture and traditions during the ancient era where men worked as farmers in vast lands whereas women served as housewives by performing house chores, taking care of the children and also performing wifely duties. The naked women also represent a society where women were less superior to the men. On the other hand, the shirtless men serve as farmers in lands that belonged to the wealthy people. This image portrays a society divided against different social classes. The poor were deemed to work on rich people’s land under bad conditions.


Prince, Eileen S. Art Is Fundamental: Teaching the Elements and Principles of Art in Elementary School. Chicago, Ill: Zephyr Press, 2008. Internet resource.

Malloy, Kaoime E. The Art of Theatrical Design: Elements of Visual Composition, Methods, and Practice. , 2015. Print.