Sample Art Essays on Venus of Berekhat Ram

Venus of Berekhat Ram is one of the early Stone Age figurines discovered in the northern hills of Israel. Initially, this piece of work was believed to be a creation of soil erosion rather than a human composition. However, with the unearthing of another concomitant figurine, its original composition status was confirmed to be artificial. In addition, microscopic examination by Alexander Marshack revealed that indeed the work was a human composition (Kaushik n.p). Stone Age art are among the earliest depiction of art. Specifically, earliest known pieces of art were stone carvings. Engraved marks carved on rocks could survive for many years compared to paintings. As a matter of fact, prehistoric Venus figurines such as Venus of Berekhat Ram are 800,000 years old since they are carved in stones of tuff and limestone.

Analysis of art as Venus Figurine

Venus of Berekhat Ram should be classified as a Venus figurine. Art analysis confirms that it is a lithic figure of art consisting of a tuff pebble made of basalt, and the marks available shows that the object has a head, body and arms of a female human (Kaushik n.p).  According to archeologists, the object measure 35 mm long, 25 mm wide and 21 mm thick, and weighs 10.33 g (Kaushik n.p). Moreover, the object exhibits more furrow like notches that portray a human body. For instance, there is a profound furrow that enfolds the narrower part of the object to depict head, while two trivial furrows observed on the sides depict arms. Latest microscopic research supports the assertions that Venus of Berekhat Ram is the work of human intervention, indicating that the stone is definitely a work of Stone Age art (Kaushik n.p). Further analysis indicate that its sister figurine, the Venus of Tan-Tan is morphologically so similar that it appears to have been sculpted by the same artist (Kaushik n.p). Evidence available reveals that Venus of Berekhat Ram was composed during the Acheulean culture of the Lower Paleolithic period of the Old Stone Age and dates back to 230,000-700,000 BCE (Kaushik n.p). Venus of Berekhat Ram appears vague because due to sandwiching between two layers of volcanic residue that interfered with some of its components. Venus of Berekhat Ram is critical in representing the figure of women, to signify the position that women occupied during the prehistoric times. The furrows forming part of the art highlight a likely female human form.

This figure is basically natural. However, it is the furrows engraved around the neck and the sides that qualify it to be a Venus figurine. Studies reveal that the original stone looked and resembled a female. The object heightened by the composer, who engraved furrows around the neck and along its arms (Clottes et al. 36). Archeologists reveal that Venus figurines are known to be collections of prehistoric artistic forms mostly made during the Paleolithic Period (Clottes et al. 40). Further studies reveal that most of these artworks depict similar characteristics that include curvaceous bodies with large breasts, bottoms, abdomen, hips, and thighs, and usually tapered at the top and bottom (Bruno 25). Moreover, heads are repeatedly witnessed to be smaller and lack details, and in numerous cases, hands and feet are conspicuously missing. Accordingly, other artworks represent pregnant women, while the rest may not show such signs.  Therefore, Venus of Berekhat Ram should be classified as a Venus figurine because it possesses nearly all the attributes associated with Venus figurine artworks.

Works cited

Bruno, David. Cave Art. London: Thames & Hudson, 2017. Internet resource.

Clottes, Jean, Oliver Y. Martin, and R D. Martin. What Is Paleolithic Art?: Cave Paintings and

            the Dawn of Human Creativity. , 2016. Internet resource.

Kaushik. Venus of Berekhat Ram: The World’s Oldest Piece of Art That Predates Humans.

Amusing planet. Amusing planet, 2016. Available at: http://www.amusingplanet.com/2016/10/venus-of-berekhat-ram-worlds-oldest.html. Accessed February 24, 2018.

 

Appendix

Figure 1: Venus of Berekhat Ram c.700,000-230,000B.C. 35 mm tall, red tuffic pebble Found on the Golan Heights