Sample Article Review Paper on Effects of Colonization

EFFECTS OF COLONIZATION ON THE INDIGENOUS PEOPLE AND THE WAYS OF

THEIR TRADITIONAL LIVING

Introduction

Colonization and even the subsequent Canadian government assimilation strategies employed by
the colonizers brought by them very severe problems to the existing indigenous people. There
was the marginalization of the inhabitants of the land more so them that stayed along the fishing
water bodies, leaving them affected in all quotas of the human existence. The marginalization
resulted to the socio-economic retardation, poor access to the correct health care facilities,
invaded the hunting activity that was a major income earner to the hunting group of the Canadian
nationals that led to the destruction of the environment as well as killing the whole population.
As discussed in this article are the three effects of colonization of Canada as well as the measures
taken by the Canadian government to help improve on its state.
The trading group of the colonizers, invaded the hunting activity. They poached of the
local wild animals to trade on their products which negatively impacted the lives of the
indigenous, and they were not pleased with all. The impacts that encountered the act of untamed
animal poaching was the resultant starvation among the indigenous communities that depended
entirely on hunting for their daily living. A number of deaths of the indigenous persons was
recorded vastly across the land as a result in the drastic change in the income source stature as it
was completely destroyed. There also was the destruction of the environment during the
poaching practices as the techniques they employed were unregulated. (Frideres, 2020)

As the visitors came in contact with the fishing communities, they drifted the lifestyle of these
indigenous individuals to the concentration camps leaving behind the fishing water bodies under
the occupation of the visitors. The act resulted to the acute decrease in food supply to the

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indigenous inhabitants as there was a complete drift in their socio-economic strategies. In the
marginalized areas, there was not enough health care facilities to cater for the increasingly
sickling individuals since they were concentrated in the marginalized places regardless of their
population. It therefore, resulted to a complete transition to the dependency characteristics in the
whaling areas, which acutely reduced the population as a result of the very contagious infections
that originated in the concentration camps. (Frideres, 2020)
There was the collapse of fur trading amongst the indigenous individuals. In Hudson's
Bay, there were extreme unbecoming conditions that the local communities were exposed to.
The factors led to the introduction of the western goods that the indigenous people were now
entrapped in that they could not escape (Veettil, 2018). The nature of the fur traders that
practiced animal trapping annoyed the native people as their hunting economy was extremely
affected, which exposed them to the dependence group. It was evident by the collapse of the fur
trading in the year 1929 that it destroyed what was remaining in the Inuit economy and also
made the Inuit be virtual wards of the HBC. Upon the arrival of the missionaries to awake the fur
trading with the support of the constables, there was not much to be gained as their efforts were
proven fruitless as the magnitude of the problem that we're faced was intense. When there was a
break out of World War ii, the Inuit community was completely shaken as poverty became the
very subject of the day. (Frideres, 2020)

During the break out of the cold war, the Canadian government took it as an opportunity
to revive its economic stands as it was destroyed by the end of World War ii. Therefore, it joined
NATO intending to gain security against the attacks that may have arisen from the north. But in

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the same vein, it seemed that the Canadian government, which was situated in Ottawa, almost
forgot the northern Canadian nationals but later on identified their fate. The Inuit, who were the
hunting community, was severely affected since there was the depletion of the animals by the fur
traders and confirmed by the missionaries with the help of the constables at the onset of World
War ii. Therefore it led to their dependency on the trading community from Hudson. (Frideres,
2020)
Despite viewing the colonization to be of the historical ages, there are still
neocolonialism and even the effects of colonialism is still experienced in the land of Canada, and
the government is trying to put efforts to rectify on the damages. Even though there are attempts,
the colonialism has remained attached within the legal systems, political strategies and even the
economic gospel still under the colonial influence. The government has set up efforts to have a
reconciliation aspect included in the articles of the constitution which recognizes the treaty of
rights as well as the Aboriginal treaty as well as the past recorded victories by the courts run by
the indigenous people, with an effort to bring back the indigenous culture which is adversely
influenced by the colonial footprints. In that vein, the government is supposed to have some
extra efforts to reinstate the indigenous cultures through the promotion of the local cultures as
well as adopting their authentic governing strategies to avoid being controlled in their internal
affairs by their colonizers.
It is therefore, logical to conclude that the onset of colonialism preached the genesis of
the destructions in the land since the negatives were so many as compared to the positives. There
was destruction of property, environmental degradation, loss of lives, displacement of the
indigenous communities among other effects. Therefore, the government’s efforts to authenticate

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all the nation’s activities operations is highly encouraged for it is advisable for success to be
realized.
,

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References

Frideres, J. S. (2020). Indigenous Peoples in the Twenty-first Century. Oxford University
Press.Frideres,
Veettil, S. P. (2018). INDIGENOUS PEOPLES’RIGHTS OVER FOREST RESOURCE
GOVERNANCE IN INDIA AND CANADA: DEBATING THE ROLE OF
DECENTRALIZATION (Doctoral dissertation, University of Saskatchewan).