The Paris Accord is a negotiated and agreed upon understanding aimed at reducing the emission of greenhouse gases. Sponsored by the United Nations framework convention on climate change, the caucus previously known as the Kyoto Protocol is mandated to ensure a steady decline in global temperature by up to 1.5 degrees annually (IGBP Terrestrial Carbon Working Group, 1998). I chose the above topic due to its pertinent nature and gruesome effects it has globally. Only recently, has it been reported that there has been a drastic recession in the polar ice cap due to high temperatures. Such has led to an increase in cases of flooding in areas around the tropics, including Indonesia and Japan, as well as unpredictable weather patterns along the equatorial region. These high temperatures have seen the desertification of previously arable land.
The global warming menace has had far reaching effects on every individual hence the shared responsibility mooted for globally. For instance increased sea volumes would submerge islands in their entirety-giving rise to humanitarian disasters. On the other hand, desertification of the equatorial region would drastically affect people’s livelihoods. Warmer sea surfaces accelerate and intensify wind speeds hence more destruction resultant of storms, hurricanes and cyclones etcetera (Grubb, Vrolijk, & Brack, 2018). The frequency of occurrence of tropical storms that have increased from 11 annually to 16 tropical storms annually over the past five years in the North Atlantic would also increase exponentially.
Through the framework laid down by greenhouse gas emissions regulator including; allocation of time frames for the realization of emission equilibrium and support from developed countries to low emitters major milestones have been realized. These successes have been made possible through educational and awareness programs targeting civilian populations (Grubb, Vrolijk, & Brack, 2018). Additionally public participation and access to information have been fundamental towards realization of the proposals of the Paris Accord.
Grubb, M., Vrolijk, C., & Brack, D. (2018). Routledge Revivals: Kyoto Protocol (1999): A Guide and Assessment . Routledge.
IGBP Terrestrial Carbon Working Group. (1998). The Terrestrial Carbon Cycle: Implications for the Kyoto Protocol. Science , 280 (5368), 1393-1395.