Sample Theology Essay Paper on Believing Game of Abortion


Abortion has in the recent past become a bone of contention. It has had proponents as well as people opposing
the idea. Especially from a religious and cultural perspective, most people have had a hard time accepting that
abortion has become a part of life. The proponents argue that abortion helps save life, social status, enforces
human rights, and is an effective strategy towards economic development (Shapiro, 2008). The topic can be
discussed from both sides with pros and cons to each side. The current essay will thus make use of the believing
game theory to assess the topic.


Own position on the abortion topic

Abortion though having a lot of proponents, I tend to think that it is a question of morals as well as general
ethics. The code of doing right and leaving the wrong would help establish to the topic. Thinking of it, abortion
in my opinion should not be seen as an individual right. Instead, conception should be celebrated by the society.

All women, should be advised as well as be educated on the importance of being a mother. In most cases,
abortion processes are as a result of denial as well as low self-esteem. Hence measures should be taken to help
women especially the young and old to accept pregnancy. Being positive thinkers would help resolve the high
rates of abortion. Hence in my opinion, it should be completely prohibited for people to become reasonable as
well as accountable of their actions. Exemptions should be given to health cases. This absolute cases should
only be left at the discretion of the doctors who should decide on cases that are fit.

Therefore, my position on the abortion issues is that it is unethical, immoral, and against human values.
Therefore, it should not be allowed and should not be seen as a human right. In addition, reading through the
work of elbow on believing game theory, the abortion issues will still lead to a lot of doubts in my mind.

Reasons supporting my position site hypothesises the pros and cons of issues as well as making application of the believing game to
assess the issues. The abortion topic as discussed in the assignment earlier, the pros to it do not support my
argument. However, the cons support my position and thus will lay a bases for the current discussion.

Those that opposes the argument have done so on different bases. From procon, abortion is not supported since
it is seen as murder. Also there is an argument that life begins at conception and thus the foetus feel pain as well
as the process is not moral and defies the word of God (Shapiro, 2008).

The three reasons were selected basing on different arguments. For instance, I stand strong in my position that
abortion is immoral and thus is against cultural norms as well as moral values. Murder is a moral issue and is
against any human values. It is wrong before human and God. In addition, biology dictates that life begins at
conception and thus a foetus is a complete human being who is still developing in size. For this reason the
foetus will be feeling pain since it is a live being. Yenerall (2011) argued that fertilisation commences a human
life. This is to say that abortion would be a killing process hence cannot be legalised.

Premises opposing own position

Making use of the believing game, one is tasked with thinking about author’s argument. From the discussion,
abortion could be permits as it is assumed that foetus are not living beings and thus they do not feel pain. This
means that through the abortion process, they are not hurt. Consequently, the process cannot be qualified to be
murder (Yenerall, 2011). In addition, parenthood is assumed to begin at birth. Therefore, killing after birth
would defy the word of God and would be regarded as immoral. However, before birth, the choice of retaining
the pregnancy is left to the mother which is counted as a public policy of human rights. Therefore, women are
able to take control of their own bodies which amount to empowerment.

Biases experienced

Through the analysis of abortion, bias was likely to be evidenced especially when evaluating the issue from its
pros which were against my general idea and opinion. The bias types were expected to be cognitive in nature
more so because of self believes in evaluation of a scenario. The two major types of bias that were evident
included the self-serving bias and the framing cognitive bias.

The self-serving bias was coming up as it arises in situations where we assume that the opposite of what we
tend to think happen due to luck and thus we are tied and incline to our own believes (Yenerall, 2011). In the
abortion scenario, my thoughts were supported by the cons and thus evaluation of the pros were seen as
occurring due to luck.

The framing bias occurs when one make decision and evaluates situations on bases of information provided
(Wilt, 1990). The pros to abortion were mainly agreed upon with in the evaluation on bases of the information
that was presented which made the issue look like it can be legalised. This is contrary to facts since everybody
knows that life begins at conception, and foetus should be guarded by the law thus no one should have control
over what they carry.

Influence of culture and group identity on biases

My being a religious person as well as emended into cultural and social structures influenced by biases. This
was so because, the religion and cultural setups have been against abortion and thus I could only support the
claim through the information presented as well as label them as a mare luck. In addition, have been taught that
abortion is wrong and is against our cultural/group morals and values. This were some of the strong relations
that led to me thinking the way I do and thus being against abortion.

Change after the believing game

The game has helped me another side of the abortion issue. Yes, it could be purported that abortion could be a
right thing to do in different scenarios. Though my position remains that abortion is not right, I can be able to
expand on an issue as it could have some other side that could at times be important. Consequently, the
important of not being sticky to one point.


It is clear that the believing game does not necessarily change ones position about an issue but helps in critical
analysis as one is able to open their mind to assessing opposing opinions. Although this is tasked with high
level of biases.


Shapiro, A. (2008). Teaching Critical Thinking: The Believing Game & the Doubting Game. Teachable
Moment. Morningside Center for Teaching Social Responsibility, 4.

Wilt, J. (1990). Abortion, Choice, and Contemporary Fiction: The Armageddon of the Maternal Instinct.
University of Chicago Press.

Yenerall, K. (2011). Reproductive rights and modern film: five women, six movies and the politics of abortion.
In APSA 2011 Annual Meeting Paper.