Technology and invention go hand in hand and rely much on artificial intelligence. It has contributed much and as such, there has been much debate regarding the extent to which artificial intelligence is likely to impact the world. Some of the greatest inventions in times are products of artificial intelligence with much still to come. Artificial intelligence is quite broad but defined as a branch of science and engineering that encompasses the art of imitation and augmentation of the human intelligence through artificial means in order to design and develop intelligent machines (Shi, 2011).
Artificial intelligence has been in existence for a long time, helping in the design and construction of intelligent machines and software’s, some that have aided humans for decades. While it is classified into three domains consisting of artificial narrow intelligence, artificial general intelligence, and artificial super intelligence, the three have revolutionized technology hence achieving an exponential growth in technology in the recent times.
This branch of science has changed various historical patterns of human understanding towards the creation of machines with human capabilities in sectors such as manufacturing, military and finance. Some of the inventions are used in our daily lives such as motoring, communication, language and search with more inventions liberating human effort with machines performing the same functions as that of the human brain.
However, with advances in artificial super-intelligence, with much smarter capabilities, this will revolutionize science as it gears to create much smarter and scientifically dependent machines with more creativity, wisdom and skills that will rival the human brain (“The Ai Revolution: The Road to Super intelligence,”2015), and on the other hand produce machines which will outperform the human brain.
In the future, artificial intelligence will be the epitome of technology and invention. It will be an inevitable element in the future invention in the field of engineering and technology, through a concept of human plagiarism which will enable machines to self plagiarize the human skills in order to produce machines with the same functions as humans, through the application of complex algorithms (Partridge & Hussain, 1992). One example which will consume the earth is robotics, which is a science of producing robots, while robots being a state of the art machine which is programmed in a multifunctional way in which its various parts and tools are moved in a systematic way to enable it perform some tasks (United States Congress Office of Technology Assessment, 1982).
The field of robotics will develop unprecedentedly in many areas such as manufacturing, medicine, education and entertainment. It will contribute immensely towards the processes that were previously handled by humans through the traditional means of performing various activities, such as spraying of vehicles, surgery and teaching.
Robots will occupy almost every sphere of human life, with many manufacturing entities already gearing to automate their production processes through the use of robots. Manufacturing entities such as automobiles and bottling companies will use robots from the initial stages of the manufacturing process to the final stages, thereby wiping out the use of human hands. These machines will be used to spray vehicles in complex settings, perform testing through advanced techniques, and on the other hand detect and isolate poor bottling procedures in the bottling process during beverage making.
In the medical field, robots will be used in diagnosis, treatment and surgery processes.
They will be used to carry out diagnostic procedures, and at the same time be able to detect the slightest presence of cancer causing elements. In treatment, robots will conduct most radiological
sessions in complex environments to suppress the growth and emergence of tumors in the human body. This will be an advancement of the da Vinci surgical system that will be used to detect lumps in the female breast upon the slightest use of the robots. Robots will also be used greatly in education and entertainment, an invention that will reduce teachers attending classes. These machines will be fitted will programmed instructions to teach students in schools, while in entertainment, they will perform in various shows where humans are used.
Artificial intelligence is one such field that has contributed to the construction of robots. However, there are pros and cons of this technology to both human and the environment mainly due to automation, with one con being that it has led to the reduction of jobs which were previously done by human (“Looking Forward to a Robot Doing Your Job for You? Think Again,” 2015),
The use of robots in various manufacturing processes has brought a limit to people in that jobs which were done by humans have been taken by these intelligent machines, for instance limiting the workforce needed to complete a given task in a factory. This has led to a lot of boredom and lack of fulfillment in the lives of workers, in that they are unable to appreciate their efforts towards the production of an item.
Within the dimension of the society, artificial intelligence through the use of robots, has
Led to the decline of a society’s well-being since individuals are unable to put their talents into work, but are rather immersed in a work flow process that lacks achievement and effort, since robots can make unpredictable decisions (Prasad, 1989), hence limiting their contribution in a process.
On the other hand, lack of continued work engagement has led to the erosion and deterioration of skills due to advancements in automation, as a product of artificial intelligence. This has led to the emergence of computers which create a work environment where mankind cannot cope as a result of the technology.
However, the pros of artificial intelligence are quantifiable in both the human and the economic fronts (Bekey et al, 2008). Artificial intelligence has increased scientific discoveries in human genetic engineering, which has simplified the understanding of human and plant genetics. This has in turn increased disease prevention and food production in humans and the society as a whole. Biotechnology has increased the understanding and patterns of biological organisms hence leading to better-breading methods that benefit the people and the society. It has also simplified the actions of humans in terms of finding direction and searching for information, since people can use their maps in Android phones to locate the same (“Why I Don’t Fear Artificial Intelligence,” 2015).
The use of Artificial intelligence in the design of intelligence machines will continue to increase in the future. This field presents massive benefits rather that threats or risks. It is the epitome of innovation, with many operations in the daily lives of people continuing to use and adapt to this technology. Its use in the modern society will be inevitable and people will need to change systems and adapt to various products of technology.
Bekey, G. A. (2008). Robotics: State of the art and future challenges. London: Imperial College Press.
Carr, N. (2015, February 10). Looking Forward to a Robot Doing Your Job for You? Think Again. Retrieved May 31, 2015, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/nicholas-carr/robot-doing-your-job_b_6482458.html
Diamandis, P. (2015, May 18). Why I Don’t Fear Artificial Intelligence. Retrieved May 31, 2015, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/peter-diamandis/dont-fear-artificial-intelligence_b_7307132.html
Exploratory Workshop on the Social Impacts of Robotics, & United States. (1982). Exploratory Workshop on the Social Impacts of Robotics: Summary and issues, a background paper. Washington, D.C: Congress of the U.S., Office of Technology Assessment.
Partridge, D., & Hussain, K. M. (1992). Artificial intelligence and business management. Norwood, N.J: Ablex Pub. Corp.
Prasad, B. (1989). CAD/CAM Robotics and Factories of the Future: Volume III: Robotics and Plant Automation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Shi, Z. (2011). Advanced artificial intelligence. Singapore: World Scientific.
Urban, T. (2015, February 10). The AI Revolution: The Road to Superintelligence. Retrieved May 31, 2015, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/wait-but-why/the-ai-revolution-the-road-to-superintelligence_b_6648480.html