Sample Economics Essays on National Healthcare

National Healthcare

Recently, a healthcare issue has once again made huge headlines in the U.S. mainstream media. On 21 March 2017, CNN published a report on its health page about the state of infant mortality rate in the U.S. Precisely, the report was released by the United States health agency, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) showing the rate of infant mortality has drastically reduced. The report revealed that between 2005 and 2014, the rate of infant mortality in the U.S. decreased 15 percent from a massive 6.86 infant deaths for every 1,000 births to a new level of 5.82 (Jimison, 2017). The press release by CDC also highlighted that Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) reduced by 29 percent and a general reduction in child mortality across racial groups in the US (Jimison, 2017). Despite the huge steps made in reducing infant mortality, an issue of critical concern is the inequalities between American Indians, the Caucasian populace, and non-Hispanic blacks that persist (Jimison, 2017). Other racial populations such as Pacific Islander as well as Asian populaces registered a significant reduction in child mortality rates, which stood at 21 percent (Jimison, 2017). The Hispanic subgroups and all other races showed a reduction in the infant mortality rate apart from the Alaska Natives and American Indians, which had a little significant difference. Nonetheless, a significant decrease was seen among women of Cuban Origin and non-Hispanic black populaces (Jimison, 2017). Most babies born to the non-Hispanic black females show high mortality rate compared to those born to the non-Hispanic white ladies (Jimison, 2017). In perspective, Puerto Ricans are the Hispanic subgroups with biggest infant mortality rate standing at 6.68 for every 1000 live births whereas the lowest deaths, 3.95 comes from people of Cuban origin (Jimison, 2017). The principal causes of death among the infants are congenital malformations, low birthweight and short gestation, maternal complications, SIDS, and unintentional injuries. The report shows that deaths from congenital malformations, which is the leading cause of infant mortality reduced by 11 percent (Jimison, 2017). Mortalities resulting from other factors such as low birthweight and even short gestation reduced by 8 percent (Jimison, 2017). In addition, SIDS deaths significantly reduced by 29 percent while mortalities from maternal complications registered a 7 percent reduction (Jimison, 2017). Nonetheless, mortalities due to unintentional injuries intensified by 11 percent: in 2005, it stood at 26.2 percent and this figure enlarged to 29.2 percent in 2014 (Jimison, 2017). The report highlights that the decline in infant mortality rates has been attributed to the success in public health. Overall, the death of children in U.S has reduced by more than 70 percent (Jimison, 2017).

The report has a clear imprint on the kind of efforts made in the health sector in the U.S. The economic inequalities that have persisted between the racial groups in America perhaps have been a major factor in some of the infant mortality rates in the country. Economic inequality is a huge aspect present in the country, and the government must continue doing more to ensure babies remain alive. The report released by CDC clearly depicts the scenario. Infant mortality rate remains a significant issue and U.S., which is a developed nation, must do more to curb this menace. The mainstream media has been instrumental in highlighting the facts and development made in the healthcare sector over the years. Healthcare is a fundamental aspect that everyone is entitled, and despite the economic gaps among the populace, it should form the important agenda of the government.

 

Reference

Jimison, R. (2017, March 21). US infant mortality rates down 15%. Retrieved from CNN Health: http://edition.cnn.com/2017/03/21/health/us-infant-mortality-report/index.html