Sample Education Case Study on Childhood Development

The most important aspects of growth and development in human beings occur from when a child is born to when he or she is five years old. According to the theories developed by psychologists Jean Piaget, Lev Vygotsky, and Erik Erikson, the first five years of child growth are the most important for psychological, physical, physiological and emotional development in humans. Every parent wants his or her child to fully develop and become the best he or she can be. Kaylee’s mother is within her rights to be concerned with Kaylee’s growth and development more so when she is still at the ripe age of growth. To indicate growth and development, the average child should reach certain development milestones depending on his or her age.

A six-month-old baby such as Kaylee should have already begun adapting to her new surroundings. The baby should be quite social and indicating purpose in her movements by using her limbs; both hands and feet. By six months baby Kayla should show her social side by laughing or squealing when happy and crying when sad. At six months the average child has begun to develop socio-emotional skills and therefore should begin expressing basic emotions of joy and sadness (Britto et al., 2017). According to Black et al. (2017), at six months the average child should have discovered his or her hands and legs and is using them to do basic stuff such as holding a toy. At six months, Kaylee should also be having much longer periods of sleep compared to the previous months. Between seven to twelve months the average child should be moving around though with much difficulty (Britto et al., 2017). From the age of seven months to twelve months baby Kaylee should be testing her strength by pulling herself from the floor, standing up, walking a few steps and crawling around the house. Between the age of seven months and a full year, a normal baby should be showing progress in his or her physical development by doubling in height and quadrupling in weight (Black et al., 2017). At this time baby Kaylee should also be starting to pronounce basic sounds such as mommy.

The child should be completely aware of his or her surroundings and espouse elementary forms of communication between one year and two years of age. At the age period between one to two years baby Kaylee should be showing eagerness to learn new things and should be therefore quite inquisitive and probing. At the age period of one to two years, a child should be able to communicate using basic words fluently as in this period the average child possesses a vocabulary of more than fifty words. Baby Kaylee at this age period, one to two years, should be able to walk confidently, climb stairs and run around to show her physical development. Moreover, baby Kaylee should possess a well-developed socioemotional response and therefore start making friends and clearly expressing emotions such as laughter, hurt and resentment. At the age of two to three years, Baby Kaylee should have been able to develop a distinct personality. Black et al (2017) states that the period from age two to three is characterized by rapid growth and development in a child’s intellectual, cognitive and physical abilities.

Between two and three years, Baby Kaylee should be able to speak fluently and possess a vocabulary of more than five hundred words. Baby Kaylee should be able to repeat words she hears others say or the words she hears on TV and radio. Baby Kaylee should also be trying to act independently and get frustrated easily as she explores new areas and activities. The last development milestone with regard to baby Kaylee will be noticed between three to five years. At the age of three to five, baby Kylee should already be interacting with friends both at home and at school. At three to five years is the age where kids are taken to begin their elementary education as their cognitive and intellectual abilities are well-developed to a point where they can follow simple instructions and possess a longer attention span (Allen, Kelly, & National Research Council, 2015). Between three to five years, baby Kaylee should have a fully developed personality and socioemotional capabilities to enable her to express her emotions openly.

Proper development and growth of every child heavily rely on the core areas of nutrition, health, and safety. From the age of six months to five years, a child does not have a well-developed intellectual and cognitive ability to perceive the bad from the good. Therefore, the child has to be protected from all forms of evil and harm. Safety and health are essential from the birth of a child to when the child is deemed mature enough to know the basics; five years. The inquisitive nature of every young child makes the issue of safety very essential as a young child is more inclined to get injured during his or her self-learning attempts. The biological processes of growth and development require huge amounts of energy and calories (Britto et al., 2017). The only way the development and growth of a child can be guaranteed is through proper diet and nutrition. The food a child eats has to be well cooked and properly balanced to ensure the child receives all the requirements he or she needs for growth.

The above milestones provide a rudimentary roadmap of the process of growth and development among children. The mother to Kaylee has to ensure that her baby’s safety, health, and nutrition requirements are fully met so that baby Kaylee can meet the various milestones of childhood development.



Allen, L., Kelly, B. B., & National Research Council. (2015). Child development and early learning. In Transforming the Workforce for Children Birth Through Age 8: A Unifying Foundation. National Academies Press (US). Retrieved from

Black, M. M., Walker, S. P., Fernald, L. C., Andersen, C. T., DiGirolamo, A. M., Lu, C., & Devercelli, A. E. (2017). Early childhood development coming of age: science through the life course. The Lancet389(10064), 77-90.

Britto, P. R., Lye, S. J., Proulx, K., Yousafzai, A. K., Matthews, S. G., Vaivada, T., & MacMillan, H. (2017). Nurturing care: promoting early childhood development. The Lancet389(10064), 91-102.