Sample Education Essays on Adolescent Pregnancy

Adolescent pregnancy poses great risks to both the mother and the child.This is because the mother’s body has not developed fully to support a pregnancy. Any child between the age of 10 – 19 is an adolescent,they are not psychologically prepared to handle a pregnancy, they therefore get very stressed or even depressed from dealing with one.This paper analyzes the risks of adolescent pregnancy and the support they should be given.

There are many risk factors involved with adolescent pregnancies. According to (Papri,Khanan,Ara & Panna,2013),Adolescents are exposed to pregnancy risk factors like;

  1. Being underweight at conception from a poor diet. This can result in giving birth to an underweight child.
  2. Preterm birth due to immature uterus that is not able to carry a pregnancy to term.
  3. Labor and delivery complications as a result of an underdeveloped pelvis. This leads to a ceaserian birth or virginal birth operation.

Florida has incorporated support programs for adolescents during pregnancy  to help them to transition to productive adults. This includes an education system that allows pregnant adolescents to continue with their education through flexible learning programs and according them access to all resources that other students are getting (Florida Department of Education, 2015).The state also has welfare support programs for them such as affordable housing and better still a Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act that offers provision for financial assistance for up to 60 months (Working with  Pregnant and Parenting Teens,nd).According to (Florida department of health,2020) the statistics for adolescent pregnancies are as illustrated on the chart.

Alachua  Alachua     Alachua      Florida      Florida              Florida

Year  Count  DenomRate    MOV   (+/-)       Count           DenomRate   MOV   (+/-)

2018    2,731   263,753           10.4     0.4       221,508           20,957,705      10.6     0.0

2017    2,826   259,349           10.9     0.4       223,579           20,555,733      10.9     0.0

2016    2,862   257,478           11.1     0.4       225,018           20,231,092      11.1     0.0

2015    2,885   255,631           11.3     0.4       224,273           19,897,762      11.3     0.0

2014    2,916   251,760           11.6     0.4       219,905           19,579,871      11.2     0.0

2013    2,823   248,526           11.4     0.4       215,194           19,314,396      11.1     0.0

2012    2,879   246,893           11.7     0.4       212,954           19,118,938      11.1     0.0

2011    2,960   247,151           12.0     0.4       213,237           18,941,742      11.3     0.0

2010    2,866   247,669           11.6     0.4       214,519           18,820,280      11.4     0.0

2009    2,925   246,489           11.9     0.4       221,391           18,711,844      11.8     0.0

2008    2,980   244,664           12.2     0.4       231,417           18,636,837      12.4     0.1

2007    2,849   242,215           11.8     0.4       239,120           18,500,958      12.9     0.1

2006    2,837   238,704           11.9     0.4       237,166           18,237,596      13.0     0.1

2005    2,690   233,859           11.5     0.4       226,219           17,876,663      12.7     0.1

2004    2,607   229,846           11.3     0.4       218,045           17,476,489      12.5     0.1

2003    2,480   226,976           10.9     0.4       212,243           17,074,368      12.4     0.1

2002    2,413   224,556           10.7     0.4       205,580           16,718,033      12.3     0.1

2001    2,462   221,643           11.1     0.4       205,800           16,384,860      12.6     0.1

2000    2,600   219,239           11.9     0.5       204,030           16,074,896      12.7     0.1

1999    2,389   213,346           11.2     0.4       196,963           15,679,606      12.6     0.1

this shows a decrease which was influenced by increased sex education in schools.

Adolescents experience a lot of external stress compared to adults. One is social stigma from their peers  and the society at large.Another one is balancing parenting and education. This can be very pressurizing especially for those who experience severe morning sickness and other pregnancy related challenges.Adolescents do not have a source of income because they are in school and depend on their parents,in case of a pregnancy most of them are likely to be on welfare ( Kisker, Maynard, Rangarajan & Boller ,1998)

If not addressed these stresses could make the adolescents to develop withdrawal or low self-esteem which will affect their productivity.The pressure of balancing education and parenting can make the adolescent to develop a negative attitude towards school and drop out.To help the adolescents the society should accept and embrace them,especially family and friends. They should offer the required moral support. Counseling should also be given to help them deal with the psychological pressure. Flexible education programs should be encouraged to keep the adolescents in school.

Teenagers are not mature enough to handle physical, emotional and psychological pressure that comes with pregnancy. Parents and relatives should accord them all the support they need.This will help them stabilize and get a normal life without having to get console from their boyfriends which might lead to another pregnancy.

References

Florida Department of Education (2015) . Teenage Parent programs in Florida School Districts. Retrieved from https://www.google.com/url?q=http://www.fldoe.org/core/fileparse.php/5576/urlt/ADA-Teenage-Parent-Program-TAP-FINAL.pdf&sa=U&ved=2ahUKEwiW2O3AsPLnAhWEgnIEHflCAg0QFjAAegQICRAB&usg=AOvVaw2695C5mJyfQ8JaeA3ozzh6

Florida Department of Health.Bureau of Vital Statistics(2020) , FLChart for  Births by Mothers age, Retrieved from http://www.flhealthcharts.com/charts/DataViewer/BirthViewer/BirthViewer.aspx?cid=0001

Kisker,E. Maynard,R. Rangarajan,A. & Boller ,K.(1998)Moving Teenage Parents into Self – sufficiency:Lessons from recent studies.Retrieved from

https://aspe.hhs.gov/report/moving-teenage-parents-self-sufficiency-lessons-recent-demonstrations

Papri, F. Khanan,Z. Ara, S. & Panna,M. (2013) Adolescent Pregnancy: Risk factors,outcome & prevention, Department of Gynaecology & Obstetrics, Chittagong Medical College Hospital, Bangladesh.Retrieved from

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=http://www.hsj.gr/medicine/risk-factors-for-teenage-pregnancies-in-sri-lanka-perspective-of-a-community-based-study.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwiI8sO9nPHnAhXNVsAKHc4YBZoQFjAEegQIARAB&usg=AOvVaw1erhRy2zuKp4qyoCnbGf06

Working with Pregnant and Parenting Teens.(nd) retrieved from https://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/assets/pregnant-parenting-teens-tips.pdf