Conducting Instruction Analysis
Fundamentally, the Dick and Carey Model entail the association between the educational content, learning behavior, instructional method, and context. Each of these key features is encompassed in the nine-step approach to Instructional Design. The following section explores each step of the Model. It will also discuss how it can be applied to social media journalism
Identification of Goals
First, the journalist must be aware of what he/she wants to achieve by the end of the social media activities It includes the knowledge and skills to be acquired. The activities should be tied to real-world applications so that journalist know how it will benefit them in the professional world. Second, the level enables the bridging of learning deficits through the use of assessments and surveys that show the knowledge base and range of skills of journalists. For example, an examination demonstrates if a journalist is not able to do a particular task, then the instructor will integrate the skills and insight the journalist needs to gain the skill. The third step entails illustration of learner characteristics and entry behaviors. The journalist should conduct an audience study to determine the traits, personal preferences, and behaviors of his/her audience, and the factors that motivate them. Fourth, he or she should target characteristics that are directly related to the objectives and goals of the platform to help narrow down the content that is key to the course.
Classification of Goals
This level entails noting the performance objectives. On top of the learning goals, the journalist should create performance objectives that illustrate the processes or tasks that should be mastered. Furthermore, she/she should develop the criteria for gauging the progress of social media activities. The performance objectives include the conditions under which a skill or task will be done.
Identifying Subordinate and Entry Skills
Identification of Subordinate Skills
This step involves the development of criterion-referenced learning assessments. A learning strategy cannot be complete without an effective assessment plan. It entails finding a suitable assessment for the journalist, along with grading criteria and rubric. It will show the effectiveness of the instructional strategy and the benefits and drawbacks of activities and exercise. Second is the development of instructional learning strategy. After finishing the research and the development of goals and objectives, it’s time for the journalist to create a suitable learning strategy for the social media activities. He/she should consider the learning paradigms that fit his/her needs and subject matter. It will be used to develop learning activities that convey information to the audience. Lastly, the journalist should choose the learning materials, exercises, and material that facilitate the learning objectives and goals. The journalist should acknowledge the preference of his/her audience when selecting materials and include a broad scope of activities to gain a wider appeal.
Identification of Entry Skills
The first move would be execution of formative evaluation. This should occur before the activities are revealed. It usually involves focus groups or release of test versions to help to stem out any problems before the activities are deployed. It enables flaws to be fixed and ensures that each feature is effective. The final step entails examining if the activities achieve the stated outcome. The only way this can be determined is through post-assessments of journalists,
Overall, the application of the Dick and Carey Model helps a journalist to gather data and evolve and adapt to the needs of the audience. If an aspect is not working effectively, then the journalist should make the necessary changes. The model ensures the instructional design is effective and dynamic.