Sample English Paper on The Christian and Muslim religion

Sample English Paper on The Christian and Muslim religion

The Christian and Muslim religion both agree that there is only one supreme God who created heaven and hell. Also, both religions believe in the same ideas when it comes to creation and afterlife. For example, both Christians and Muslims believe that the first human beings on the planet earth were Adam and Eve (Goddard 6). Secondly, they believe that God created the heavens and the earth in six days. Furthermore, both religions believe that man was expunged from the garden of Aden because of disobedience to God.  Adam and Eve disobeyed God and were expelled from the garden of Aden for eating the forbidden fruit. Furthermore, both religions believe that Jesus Christ was the messiah (Goddard 23). However, the two religions differ in regards to the identity of Jesus Christ. While the Christians believe that Jesus Christ was the son of God, the Muslims believe that Jesus was merely a prophet of God. The two beliefs believe that there are heaven and hell in the afterlife. However, the Christian religion through the Catholics believes that there is a place called purgatory where unclean souls are purified before their entry to heaven (Goddard 57). However, Muslims do not believe in the purgatory. Secondly, Protestants in the Christian religion do not believe in the existence of purgatory.

The early Christians in the Roman Empire were severely punished and executed for their worship of the messiah. The Roman Empire under their emperors executed Christians for the ‘sinful’ ways (Goddard 97). It was recommended that the people should worship the emperor. For example, Christians were fed to lions as a form of entertainment for the Roman people. Furthermore, the Christians were blamed for ever short falling that happened in Rome. For example, in 64 AD when part of Rome caught fire, Emperor Nero blamed the Christians were arrested and executed (Goddard 126). However, Christianity grew as more and poorer people embraced the religion. After that, Emperor Constantine legalized Christianity in AD 313. Christians were allowed to worship freely. St Paul was one of the pioneers who enabled Christianity to grow in different regions, such as Asia and Greece. However, the Islamic religion originated in the Arabian Peninsula and spread from Mecca to Medina (Goddard 178). After that, Muslim spread to central Asia, Spain, North Africa and the Persian empires. When Muhammad tried to teach the people about Allah, he received severe persecution from the Arab community. The Arabian community worshiped several God as was contrary to the beliefs of Muhammad. However, Muhammad was able to preach his gospel and convert people to Islam because of his prominent family. The Hashmi family was prominent in the Arabian world (Goddard 126). The Christian and Muslim belief is similar because the leaders of the community disputed the validity of the two beliefs. The first Muslim and Christian faithful’s were heavily persecuted by the community.

Michael Hart mentions Jesus to be the third most influential person in the world and Prophet Muhammad to be the first. Hart names Jesus as the third most influential person because he is responsible for the main moral and ethical teachings of Christianity (Hart 25). However, Michael Hart places Muhammad to be first because he played a greater role compared to Jesus in developing his religion. Secondly, he was also a political leader who made huge changes in the Arabian Peninsula. Also, Hart describes Muhammad as the third most influential person because, in the Christian religion, it was St. Paul who developed the Christian religion, and not Jesus (Hart 59). I disagree with Hart because the teachings of Jesus are the most widely accepted teachings in the world.  There are more Christian faithful members than there are Muslims.

The Islamic religion spread quickly in different parts of the world compared to Christianity because Prophet Muhammad was also a political leader (Goddard 112). Islam became the center of learning and technology because of Prophet Muhammad’s conquest of different areas under his leadership. All the conquered cities under the leadership of Prophet Muhammad were converted to Islam by force contributing to the growth of Islamic religion (Goddard 132). However, the Christian religion was not backed by a political regime. The supporters of Christianity during its growth did not have political power and therefore, were unable to spread the religion as fast as their Muslim counterparts.

Question 2

Europeans began their exploration of the world in the 1400S because of the availability of new ships, compass, cannons and astronomical knowledge (Woodland, 22). Without new technology, it was improbable for Europeans to begin their world exploration. However, many ship captains did not have the required funding to facilitate long voyages (Woodland, 65). Therefore, they sought assistance in the monarch who would sponsor their voyages. However, the ship captains needed to have a valid reason for the explorations. Therefore, they advised the monarch the explorations would facilitate trading activities between the continent, the Americas and Asia (Woodland, 36). Furthermore, the Europeans began their explorations to spread Christianity to the world. However, the main reason behind the world exploration was to seek wealth from other areas.

According to Zinn (1), when the Arawak people first met the Europeans, they treated them like visitors. For example, they brought them foods, cotton and glass beads. They were very receptive to the Europeans whom they thought had come to trade. However, Columbus and his fellow sailors thought the Arawak people would make fine servants because of their ignorance. They discriminated against them because they thought they were superior compared to the naked Arawak people (Zinn, 1). History teaches us that Christopher Columbus was a remarkable man who was influential. Also, history acknowledges Columbus for his spread of western culture in other parts of the world. However, according to the readings of Zinn (1), it is clear that Columbus was far from remarkable. He was a greedy man who wanted nothing but wealth. He even took the native people by force trying to ask them where he could find treasure. The Atlantic slave trade was the trading of slaves by Europeans. The Europeans bought slaves between the 15th and 19th century. Most of the slaves were treated with brutality. They were taken to the new lands in the Americas to work on cotton plantations. Triangular trade existed between West Africa, Europe, and the Americas. The trade consisted of cash crops, slaves, and finished products.

The Colombian exchange took the form of crop and animal exchange between the old and new world (Crosby, 1). The positive effects of the Columbian exchange include the exchange of animals such as cows, goats, and sheep, which the new world did not have. Also, the new world gave Europeans animals, such as the llama and alpaca (Crosby, 1). Some of the crops exchanged between the new and old world included maize and sweet potatoes, which the old world did not have. The negative effects are that the germs that Europeans brought with them; they caused influenza, chickenpox, measles and yellow fever (Crosby, 1).

 

Works cited

Crosby, A. The Columbian Exchange, 2002. http://lgdata.s3-website-us-east-1.amazonaws.com/docs/1246/614124/Columbian_exchange.PDF

Goddard, Hugh. The History of Christian-Muslim Relations. Chicago, Ill: New Amsterdam Books, 2001. Print.

Hart, Michael H. The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History. Petaling Jaya [Malaysia: Golden Book Centre, 1989. Print.

Woodland, Geoff. Triangle Trade. , 2013. Print.

Zinn, Howard. “Columbus, The Indians, And Human Progress.” Historyisaweapon.Com, 2017, http://www.historyisaweapon.com/defcon1/zinncol1.html