Sample Environmental Studies Paper on The Ecosystem

An ecosystem comprises of living things that share and live in an explicit environment. An ecosystem can be either biotic or abiotic. Biotic consists of living things while abiotic contain non-living things. Examples of ecosystems include; forests, aquatic, marine, human ecosystems and deserts, among others. An invasive species is a species that moves into a new environment. The species can move intentionally or by natural factors such as floods. An invasive species can either affect the new environment positively or negatively. Invasive species can be exotic or weedy (Colautti et al., 135-141).  Climate change involves changes such as temperature. The land is a natural resource that people use for cultivation, and building structures such as homes and dams. The building of permanent structures on earth is what is known as land use. Land use involves understanding and modifying a natural environment into settlements. Sprawling is the movement of people from rural areas to urban areas.

The ecosystem is the environment of a living organism and how living things relate to each other. Sprawling can have many both positive and negative effects on the ecosystem. Birds and plants get affected negatively by sprawling (Aronson et al., 281). Most of the birds in an area usually get extinct or disappear. Birds that thrive more in forests rarely survive in such an environment.  Urban sprawling hinders and destroys the natural environment or habitat in which plants and birds depend on for food, water and survival. Things like water bodies and forests are usually the habitats of most animals. Displacing animals out of their natural habitats may cause conflicts between them and human beings. There have been many occasions whereby people have had to deal with wild animals in their homes. Some people end up losing their lives in case the animals that invade them are more dangerous.

Species invasion is another thing that can be affected by sprawling. Species invasion may sometimes be beneficial to the new environment. Species that invade an environment without their natural habitat may die or fail to sprout. Invasive species like fungi may not survive in an area without trees. Sprawling hinders the innate ability some plants have to survive in a new environment. Sprawling on the hand can also be very beneficial to invasive organisms. Species that invade new environments survive well in an ecosystem that does not have predators.  Some species may kill the new habitat, and this does not just affect the ecosystem, but also it may affect food security. Lack of food affects the quality of people’s lives and their lifestyles.

The effects of sprawling on the environment and climate are very diverse. Major cities in the world are full of traffic and industries which affect the weather. The high dependence on vehicles causes air pollution. Water pollution occurs because of the high density of people and companies that emit smoke and waste into water bodies. The effect on climate tampers with the quality of life, which in turn interferes with people’s lifestyles (Strak et al., 364-373). Most animals, including human beings, depend on air and water to sustain them. Pollution can cause diseases like cancer and cardio-related diseases. Cancer is one of the most dangerous illnesses. Emotional and physical effects come with sicknesses. People who are battling with cancer on most occasions have a different lifestyle. Diseases make people adapt to a different lifestyle which on most occasions is not good. Finances also get affected in such a situation and may even cause stress-related issues.

Land use planning is essential in ensuring that the environment is well protected and maintained. Lousy use of land can lead to things like erosion. Sometimes the ground or soil can be overused, and this hinders its quality and the ability to produce food. Soil erosion may affect the ecosystem and animals that depend on it. Soil erosion leads to inadequate food production. Farmers rely on the land to produce their food. The inability to provide food can be very stressing to farmers and may cause psychological and emotional damage. Depression is the most common mental issue that affects people. Having to deal with depression can be very draining to a family and may tamper with the lifestyle people know. Destruction of plants and trees directly affects the climate negatively. On the other hand, well-planned land use can be very beneficial to the environment and people.

Climate change is essential in the survival of living organisms. A favourable climate change will mean plants and animals will prosper, but an adverse climate hinders growth and prosperity of living organisms. Species that invade a new habitat depend on the environment to survive. For example, species that rely on a rainy climate may have to escape because they cannot survive in a desert. Some species may also invade a new environment and affect the environment negatively. A new species can invade a unique habitat and destroy other living things, and this may affect climate change. Human life is also dependent on climate change. Exceptionally or icy seasons alter the way people live and do their normal activities.

The composition of the ecosystem depends on the kind of climate. Dry or hot weather means that animals and plants that thrive in a northern type of ecosystem will have to shift to a new place. The weather, therefore, determines the kind of ecosystem. Climate change affects the production and sustainability of different ecosystems. Human beings depend on the ecosystem for sustainability. A weak ecosystem hinders human life economically, and it may also affect things like food, water and air (Shaw et al., 415-484). A dry climate means things like fish cannot be found easily. People who rely on fish may have to change their lifestyles to one which they do not take fish. Vegetarians can also find it hard to find food in cases where plants die because of the climate. Farmers may also not be able to get food for their cattle. Climate change alters the ecosystem, which interferes the kind of products people acquire from the ecosystem and this, in turn, affects lifestyles.

Lifestyle change is another factor that connects to climate change. Using vehicles causes pollution, which in turn affects the climate, and the atmosphere determines the types of ecosystems. Different ecosystems determine the kind of living things. A desert kind of ecosystem means that food will become a problem. Some plants also cannot survive in a dry climate. Human beings depend on a good ecosystem not only for foodstuff but also for health. Sprawling affects the environment, which affects the ecosystem, which in turn affects human health (Tasmin, 1935).

Everything in the environment is interconnected. Alteration of one thing alters or affects another thing either positively or negatively. For example, lifestyle changes affect the climate, climate change affects the ecosystem, and the ecosystem affects species invasion. Sprawling is a factor that alters all systems in the environment either positively or negatively.



Works Cited

Aronson, Myla FJ, et al. “A global analysis of the impacts of urbanization on bird and plant diversity reveals key an

Colautti, Robert I., and Hugh J. MacIsaac. “A neutral terminology to define ‘invasive’ species.” Diversity and distributions 10.2 (2004): 135-141.

Shaw, M. Rebecca, et al. “The impact of climate change on California’s ecosystem services.” Climatic Change 109.1 (2011): 465-484.

Strak, Maciej, et al. “Associations between lifestyle and air pollution exposure: potential for confounding in large administrative data cohorts.” Environmental Research 156 (2017): 364-373.thropogenic drivers.” Proceedings of the royal society B: biological sciences 281.1780 (2014): 20133330.

Tasnim, Nishat, et al. “Linking the gut microbial ecosystem with the environment: does gut health depend on where we live?.” Frontiers in Microbiology 8 (2017): 1935.