Sample Essay on Democracy and other Forms of Government

Democracy and other Forms of Government

Introduction

A government refers to a system that is in charge of a community or a given state. It is the means that enforces and determines policy of the state. A form of government is made up of institutions and political system that structure a particular administration. This kind of leadership is known to affect activities that people engage in various significant ways. Government Issue arises via its authority to make decisions on behalf of society on policies that affect maintenance of orders and accomplishment of goals. The power of the administration over the public depends on whether it is free of restrains or limitation.

Forms of Government

Democracy

Democracy is termed as a system that incorporates spread of political power to serve the entire public. This structure operates as a representative government, electorate and allows freedom of speech among its citizens (Fowler 32). It is also described as a section of the regime that permits citizens to be part either directly or indirectly in formulating of laws during elections. Democracy means rule of people and it exist in various forms with two that are basic. The first form is direct democracy whereby all entitled citizens participate in a direct and active manner while making decisions in politics. It grants citizens voting rights and power to change laws in constitution. Direct democracy permits the public to initiate referendums and give vital orders to their elective officials. In this democracy, the public can withdraw their officials before they finish their term especially when they go wrong.

In addition, citizens can formulate a lawsuit to break a promise of a campaign in this democracy.  In the majority of current democracies, entire body of eligible citizens is allowed to air their views via sovereign power. The second form is representative democracy which authorizes the public to exercise political power indirectly by choosing their representatives. It is also commonly known as a democratic republic if the head of state is elected in a democratic way. Mechanisms that are common involve selecting the candidate based on majority of the casted votes. In this system, representatives are chosen or become diplomatic delegates through a specific district. They are in charge of a whole electorate via proportional structure whereby some states combine them. This is evident when representative democracies incorporate aspects such as referendums of direct democracy.

Monarchy

It is perceived to be the most popular system of the government from ancient days until early 20th century (Hopkins 45). There are three stages of the monarchy and the first one is absolute where kings claimed that God had given them power to rule. The second stage is limited monarchy that kings relied on support of powerful noble individuals to maintain their thrones. Nobility or dignity limited power of rulers and increased threats in loss of financial or political support. This forced powerful emperors and kings to have rights of representing top economic and social classes. The third stage was constitutional monarchy whereby the governing power was in authority of the national parliaments.

Constitutional Government

Currently, legitimacy of various governments is derived from a national bill that offers a legal framework for their administration. This also determined how power is to be controlled and exercised. In democratic states, the constitution is replaced or amended by a popular vote that is directly or via a form of elected representatives. The constitution is in form of a paper façade to enable citizens to understand how the state is ruled via a real political procedure (Johnsen 112).

Dictatorship

Dictatorship is a government form that depicts a principal phenomenon of the 20th century.  In this kind of leadership the dictator takes the position of the military leader when he enjoys political power. This system does not incorporate effective rule of law and the system may have or lack political ideology. Dictatorship is leadership that concentrates on controlling all operations in the government. A dictator has power that makes him more absolute compared to any known tyrant. Furthermore, such leaders are characterized by dominance and can never accept their wrong deeds to evade depriving the regime of its power.

 

 

Federal Systems

This is a form of a government that incorporates a sovereign administration locally and in municipal levels. In this system of leadership, the local corresponds to state government concerning ruling matters. Levels of governance in federal system are different and compete to be in charge of programs and functions. Furthermore, distribution of power in this system is complex due to metropolitan regions that also correspond to local government. In United States, this structure is exercised via a state government while in Canada it is via provincial rule.

Differences

Contrasting democracy to other forms of the government, the difference is that it engages citizens to be in charge of power. In this system, people get an opportunity to select leaders of their choice and are served as per their wish. It also grants citizens voting rights and power to change laws in constitution. In addition, this system operates differently by engaging the public to initiate referendums and give vital orders to their elective officials. The indirect category of this system allows citizens to select their own representatives to articulate their issues in government. Democracy permits the public to withdraw their officials when they go astray before they finish their term. The public accomplishes this by formulating a lawsuit to break a promise of a campaign.

Contrary to democracy, monarchy is characterized by dignity that limits the power of rulers. As a result, this increases threats leading to loss of financial or political support.   Conversely, dictatorship is a form of leadership that concentrates on controlling all operations in the government. Contrasted to democracy, it is dissimilar as the dictator has power that makes him more absolute compared to any known tyranny. Difference between democracy and federal system of government is that it incorporates sovereign administration both locally and at municipal levels. Levels of government in federal system are different and compete to be in charge of programs and functions while in democracy ruling is equal (Karl 204).

Conclusion

Best Form of Government

Democracy is the best form of administration because it articulates for equality among its citizens. This system allows eligible civilians to participate actively direct or indirect when making decisions in politics. It is a form of government that engages the public a lot to exercise their voting rights and enables them to change laws in constitution. It airs views of citizens via referendums which are fulfilled by their elective officials. Additionally, through democracy, entitled citizens get an opportunity to withdraw officials when they don’t serve well hence it is the paramount form of power.

Works Cited

Fowler, Jean. Democracy in Society.  New York: Citadel Press, 2007. Print.

Hopkins, Thomas. Forms of Government.  London: University Press, 2009. Print

Johnsen, Linda. Significance of Democracy.  Sage Publications, 2012, Print.

Karl, Popper. Differences in Forms of Government.  San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 2010.           Print.