Economic Gender Inequality
Gender inequality is a common problem that transcends the whole world. History is replete with cases of gender discrimination in different way. While this is the case, it is doubtless that women suffer a lot compared to their male counterparts. In fact, gender inequality mainly affects women. It is only in rare cases where men are victims of gender-based inequity. Importantly, economic gender inequality is the commonest. In this case, women are underpaid, unpaid and underemployed. In this essay, you will discover the reasons behind gender inequality in our society today.
The first category is capacity. Women across the world lack educational skills to guarantee them a job when you compare them with men. Thus, you hardly find women in lucrative job positions and for the few who get there, they might never get promotion to higher positions. The issue of capacity is well embedded in our society. For example, most schools register fewer girls than boys. In addition, of those girls who enroll, they are not guaranteed attendance leading to dropouts or high cases of irregular attendance. It is worth noting that whenever there is gender imbalance at primary level, this widens when students graduate to secondary schools and higher learning institutions. Besides this observation, more boys are likely to pursue science and technology fields compared to girls. For these reasons, women account for a humongous number of illiterate people in the world.
The second problem is attributed to access to resources. Most women in the world lack access to resources like capital, which are necessary in establishing and growing a business. This greats even worse during divorce cases, where most land and property laws discriminate against women and girls a lot. Consequently, women end up languishing in poverty unable to support themselves and vulnerable to further exploitation by the society. A good example is the situation in Africa where women account for about 90% of food production yet they own only 1% of the continent’s land. In South America, women constitute to less than a third of landowners, i.e. 11% in Brazil and 30% in Paraguay. Due to lack of capital, women can hardly access credit, which is key is economic development. It s estimated that less than 10% of credit is extended to women globally.
Economic gender inequality is also manifested in decision-making. In most cases, women are incapacitated to act on their own as agents of change in the society. Oftentimes, women are underrepresented in higher positions of power and influence. Common areas where this discrepancy is common include in NGOs, boardrooms, unions, in government etc. Because of this, it becomes almost impossible for women to protect and pursue their interests. This is vastly seen in making of national and international trade laws, where women hardly feature, denting their ability to compete favorably with men in economic development.
The position of women in the society further promotes economic gender inequality. For example, they spend most of their time on household chores, which attract no pay. Men believe that women should take of children, the home and the elderly. This means that women miss from formal employment figures as they are always at home. As a result, their economic status and power drastically drops.
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