Importance of the Nile River to the Egyptian Civilization
Egyptian civilization was the one of the oldest in the world history. It is known to have taken place around 3000 BC when the lower Nile valley was unified by a single ruler. The Nile River placed great role in this civilization and it led to great stupendous achievements. In a sense, through Egyptian civilization there was great development in infrastructures, art, architecture, medicine, engineering and statecraft. Indeed, it is the most influential civilization in the world history and helped in the growth of many other nations.
A centralized state known as Ancient Egypt emerged from a far-reaching mix of tribes around 3100BC. Egypt was easily recognized for its symbol and powers of kingship within a defined area supported by an administrative organization. The Nile River was the most reliable means of communication within Egypt and the surrounding areas. For many centuries, the nile did not have a name to associate with and it was identified in the ancient writings as the Iteru [the river or the Iteru-aa- the great river].
Egypt used to be an arid land, but Nile River made everything possible. Today, we have a very fertile land surrounding the River. Floods also become annual between June and September whenever the river swelled after immense rainfall from the Ethiopian and Central Sudan Highlands. Besides Egypt, Nile has changed lives of many people in many other nations within the Nile river basin. The Nile River has been substantial in the growth of Egypt since the civilization era. Here are a few ways that it has changed the lives of many Egyptians.
- Agriculture- Ancient Egyptians economy relied on agriculture as majority of the people were peasant farmers. The presence of the fertile soils in the areas near the Nile river made it possible. Farmers were able to produce large surplus which aided sustained livelihood of the rulers and the people in general. Farmers irrigated their field with fresh waters, hence they could farm yearly.
- Trade and transport- Through the Nile River, trade has been a great way for the administrative government in ancient Egypt to earn revenue. Water transport has always been less expensive and not faced by problems such us incontrollable snarl up experience these days. During the Bronze Age, international trade was practiced equally and included exchange of valued metals and gifts between the rulers. Trade journeys ranged from far south to the many other regions surrounding the Nile.
- Helped in development of wealthy communities- peasant farmers were subjected to labor tax as they were required to work in farms owned by pharaoh and noble family. Craftmen were highly ranked in the society than the farmers as they worked in the state or temples. Communities were rapidly developed and an elite group of physicians, priest and engineers grew with civilization.
- Writing and Literature- Through civiliazation, many Egyptians were able to write and learn how to gather information and analyze many things within the society. presence of the Nile River, made writing easy as papyrus was easily grown and offered writing materials. A new form of writing known as Demotic came into being.
River Nile played a great role in the ancient Egypt civilization. Without the longest river in the world, there would be little transport, agriculture and communication among many other benefits. Not only Egyptians will be labguishing in the dark age, but also all the countries that embrace the Nile River.
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