Sample Essay on International Crises Management

International Crises Management

Since the termination of the World Wars in the 20th century, the globe has experienced an alleviating move towards curbing the intense conflict caused by unhealthy international relations. However, some of the countries have continuously engaged in intense morbid relationship that has resulted in external conflict and wars (Gary, 2013). International conflicts have triggered varied emotions and the world has formulated structured ways that are aimed at ending these skirmishes. According to Butler (2009), crises or conflict management refers to the efforts that are aimed at controlling or containing any conflict between two or more countries, which mostly employs a third party as a mediator. Conflict management implements the developed resolution strategies that control a conflict situation by making it less damaging or stabilizing the parties involved (Goertz, 1995).

International crises have been continuously experienced in the countries found in the Middle and Far East in Asia. The Israel-Palestinian, Iraq-Iran, the Syrian civil war, and the Jerusalem-Gaza conflicts are examples of the crises that have dominated the Middle East. After the World Wars, there emerged super power countries that have major influence in the global issues and they have been on the forefront of forming conflict resolution missions in these countries (Ivo, 2012). The Suez crisis in the mid-20th century led to involvement of super power countries in the Middle East in vast coverage. The hostility felt in the Arab region led to intervention of countries such as United States, France and Britain. In light of this, the paper aims at delineating the aspect of international crises in the Middle East and how the society behavior affects these processes in the shade of the super power countries. It looks at how other countries especially super powers relate to the crises in Middle East. Additionally, the paper highlights the society behavior in relation to the political, religious, economic, and security aspects in the Middle East crises.

The super powers countries have influence in cooling down the crises in Middle East that affect the social, political and economic status in the region. To start with, the global powers are focused in ensuring that international policies are implemented. As mentioned earlier, the globe decided to end international crises after the World Wars by making policies that bring cohesion in the society. The countries in the world entered into an agreement that bound them to uphold peace and shun using violence in solving their issues (Goertz, 1995). They initiated multinational organizations such as the United Nations and the International Criminal Court to streamline world policies. However, countries in the Middle East are reluctant in following and implementing these policies. As a result, the super power countries come in ensuring that these countries are in line with international relations agreement. Most of the super power countries have worked tirelessly to enhance comprehensive peace in the affected areas; unfortunately, these crises keep in reoccurring in spite of the numerous conflict management missions (Orme-Johnson, Alexander, & Chandler, 1988).

In most cases, the international crises are politically motivated and instigated at the state-level by people who want to retain power and curb democracy. Some of these leaders promote aristocracy and dictatorship by the power hungry leaders; and their kind of ruling is contradictory to the international standards. Reformists arise and due to fear of their security, they seek asylum in the bordering or other countries that help them in their push of bringing democracy in their native countries. Super power countries are open-handed in offering assistance to asylum seekers. These reformists are assisted by the super powers through education and mediation in bringing sanity in their countries. Elections are a point of contention that raises indifferences when an outside country tries to intervene (Goertz, 1995). Super powers intervene by overseeing elections; for example, the Palestinian election has attracted external observers from France and United States since 1996 in order to enhance democracy and to offer protection to the opposition.

A good example of super power interventions in politically instigated crises in the Middle East is the issues of Palestine. In 2006, the Palestinians elected President Mahmoud Abbas from the Hamas background against the wish of the Israelites. This led to the closure of Gaza strip and imposing constraints on Palestinians living in Gaza and West Bank. As a result, a conflict ensued after Palestine retaliated with rocket attacks. Politics influenced this conflict because Israelites were protesting against election of Hamas who have the tradition of attacking Israelites. In this scenario, personal interests and politics plays role in enhancing the hatred. In such scenarios, the super power countries face a dilemma in identifying the party to support; hence, they remain as a third party in order to bring peace (Gary, 2013). Regional powers intervened by imposing sanctions and military action in order to bring sanity in the countries.

Middle East suffers due to their economic status and availability of resources in their region; for example, the oil producing countries are always in a conflict of controlling these resources. Some fight over a river because it is the single source of water supply. In some instances, the conflict managers are accused of being partisan because they want to have a share in the control of these resources (Goertz, 1995). As a result, the super power countries are fundamental in ending these crises through technology. For example, America and Germany are in the forefront of producing renewable sources of energy. The increase in production of environmental friendly auto motors and energy sources will reduce the demand on petroleum products. This is a positive move because the Middle East countries will indulge in other economic activities rather than concentrating on oil.

The society is an integral unit of bringing peace in the warring countries. For conflict crises to be resolved, the society must be ready to implement the identified measures of conflict intervention (Gary, 2013). Super power countries are part of the society and plays role in crises management. In order for the society to understand the aspects of crises management, super powers create awareness to the community. The society behavior refers to the reception of the conflict resolution in the conflicting countries. For example, the Syrian conflict resolution has been met with many challenges due to the negative attitude by the society. The United Nations Development Program intervened in the Syrian conflict in order to bring an amicable end to conflict, insurgent groups such as The Free Syrian Army (FSA) and The Revolutionary Council of Syria (RCS) halts the talks by bringing fresh skirmishes. In this case, the United Nations Development Program in partnership with the United States conducted a global campaign in educating the masses about peace. The US has been sending delegates and ambassadors who bring awareness to the Middle East society.

Religion is another aspect that has played a role in effecting and at the same time deterring crises management. The religion has aided in effecting crises management because the religious leaders are very powerful and influential in the Middle East. They make massive contribution in bringing peace in the conflicting countries based on the significant roles they play in the society (Ivo, 2012). Religion is used in the advantage of the community by the super powers. Most of the Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and humanitarian groups use the religion opening in bringing their services to the affected countries. For example, the Carter Center is conflict resolution program based in Atlanta that was involved in the Jerusalem-Gaza conflict in 2008 in partnership with the United Nations Development Program. The presence of this program was felt when it convinced the religious leaders that they had brought peace and social wellbeing to the people. Similarly, religious leaders play a role in shaping the Middle East politics and leadership. In cases of elections, politicians rush to the religious leaders in search of favor from the electorates. Therefore, they take such opportunities in airing their grievances, which may include conflict resolution.

The entire globe is responsible in initiating peace in the entire globe (Ivo, 2012). The super power countries have been in the forefront of ending skirmishes in the Middle East. For instance, there are conflicts that require military actions in order to bring peace and stability.With the onset of a series of international crises and disputes in the Middle East, the world has to practice effective conflict management principles. This is very important and should not be ignored any anyone. Conflict management is fundamental because the warring countries cannot manage the disputes on their own (Orme-Johnson, Alexander, & Chandler, 1988). Similarly, the conflicting solving parties should avoid being bias in order to achieve effective results (Butler, 2009). Sensitive issues such as religion and resources should be used in the positive ways in ending the skirmishes in Middle East.

References

Butler, M. (2009).International conflict management.Routledge.

Gary C. Gambill (October 2013). Partitioning Syria.Middle East Forum.

Goertz, Gary and Paul F. Diehl. 1995.  The Initiation and Termination of Enduring Rivalries: The Impact of Political Shocks.  American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 39, No. 30-52

Ivo H. Daalder, James G. Stavridis (2012). NATO`s Victory in Libya. The Right Way to Run an Intervention. Foreign Affairs. March/April 2012. Pp.2 – 7.

Orme-Johnson, D., Alexander, C. & Chandler, H. (1988). International peace project in the middle east. Journal of conflict resolution. (32) 776-812