Judaism View on Creation
Most of the religions in the world have come up with various theories on how the universe was created and also how people and animals came into existence. These usually take the form of creation stories in the sacred books of the religions concerned. In the case of Judaism, the Holy Bible is the source all accounts of creation.
According to a variety of classical rabbinic teachings, God created the world close to 6,000 years ago, and created Adam and Eve from clay indicated in the Book of Genesis in the Holy Bible. However, most modern rabbis are of the belief that the world is older, and that life as it is generally known, did not always exist. The Bible points out clearly that God created the heavens and earth, and that all the other acts of creation were done by God within a span of six days.
Judaism religious authority and faith, according to most ultra-orthodox Jews, stipulates that God is the sole creator and all accounts of the entire creation process can only be found in the Holy Bible. However, there are also other Jews who reject the biblical account of creation because it is in contradiction to the evolutionary theory. These Jews view the Bible as an ancient human document that cannot provide a helpful description of the beginning of the world for a person living in the modern world.
For Judaism, the stories of creation are found in the first two chapters of the book of Genesis in the Torah. The chapters give an account of how God created the world in six days and rested on the seventh. In Genesis 1:1, it is written that, ‘’in the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.’’ After creating the earth, the sky, seas, plants followed. On the fifth day, God made birds and fish, and animals and mankind on the sixth day. Genesis 1:27 reads, ‘’so God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.’’
When looking at Judaism view on creation, it important to note that Conservative Judaism embraces science as a way of learning about the creation of God, and like Orthodox and Reform Judaism, has established that the theory of evolution is a challenge to traditional Jewish theology. Conservative Jews teach that God created the universe and is responsible for all creation of life that is within it. However, they do not proclaim any mandatory teachings about how this takes place at any level.
In contrast to fundamentalist views, Conservative Judaism strongly proposes the use of science as the proper way of learning about the physical world in which we live. Therefore, encourages its adherents to find a way to understand evolution in a way that is not in contradiction to the findings of scientific research. The tension between accepting the role of God in the world and the findings of science, however, is not resolved. In fact, there is a wide variety of views.
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