Wacker’s Manual of the Plan of Chicago
A plan was developed in an attempt to help Chicago earn the status of a world class city, such as Paris, Berlin, and New York at the time. The key priorities of this plan were to ensure commercial gains, achieve its purpose and the final outcome. This paper briefly describes the above named aspects of the plan as presented in chapters 10, 11 and 17 of the Plan.
In the 10th chapter of this manual, the author highlights the events that took place on the evening of January 8, 1910 where a meeting was held between members of the plan commission and the commercial club(Moody, 86). The top priority of this meeting was to unveil a new plan for Chicago with a lot of emphasis being placed on the commercial advantages that would accompany its implementation. The plan was supposed to create a serene and attractive environment that would appeal to millions of local and foreign tourists who were looking for places to spend their holidays.
In return, the overall expenditures of such people would certainly boost the city’s economy.The plan intended for the city to be transformed into a metropolis hence enhancing its ability to cater for theincrease in population and meet the material and spiritual demands of a Mississippi valley. It is also argued that its implementation would improve hygienic conditions and reduce chances of a disease outbreak as it would ease congestion in residential areas and get rid of the filthy living conditions in some sections of the city.Focus was placed on immediate action because the cost of immediate implementation would be much less when compared to implementation of the plan at a later date.
In chapter 11, the author delves into the rationale and significance of the plan of the city. The plan was mainly aimed at placing Chicago among the grandurban zones on the planet and this would be done through giving it prospects for indefinite development in capital and business(Moody, 95). At the time Chicago was among the three most populous cities in the United States and statistics further showed high potential influx of people to the cities in the future. The Chicago plan would help to curb congestion of people and mitigate any of the effects of overcrowding. Implementing the plan would also help to counter traffic snarl-up in the city and facilitate the movement of people and merchandise from one place to another. Furthermore, with increased population in the city, people’s health would be more vulnerable and the plan would therefore create and enhance conditions which could promote public health. The business interests of the city was also a major aspect of the plan, since it aimed at creating an attractive business environment. This would attract many people to Chicago as is the case in Paris and the effects would positively impact on the people in the city. to the city’s people. Another major component of this plan was to erect towering buildings in Chicago as this would not only help to maintain its pride and civic glory, but also serve as a message of the city’s power and might.
In the lastsection, the author addresses the end results of this plan. The plan will impact on four major areas of the city. First off, it will facilitate the systematic arrangement of streets and avenues and this will greatly improve traffic and ease movement. Besides centralizing railway terminals, harbors will be perfected and a good system of cargo management will also be created(Moody, 143). In addition, the plan will also develop extended park systems that will address the needs of the city dwellers. Finally, the final result of plan will be to establish of a heart of civic governance so as to enhance cohesiveness and unity amongst the residents of Chicago.
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Moody, Walter D. Wacker’s Manual of the Plan of Chicago. Chicago: The Hennberry Company, 1915.