Sample Essay on Nation Building

Nation Building

The United States invasion of Iraq in 2003 was a war mission to promote the democratic space and fight global terrorism (Mylonas 23). The military action resulted in extensive damage of the infrastructure in Iraq, the bombings left the major towns, buildings and other structures down to the knees. Consequently, the US decided to help the country in its national building process after the war by pumping an estimated $53 billion. Based on a Gallop poll conducted in Iraq, the level of basic services is better, but it is still in a bad state. This can be demonstrated by improved electricity production at 40%, but this is far less as compared to the needs of the Iraqis. However, in the case of the forces, the number of police officer and soldiers has substantially increased indicating that the intention of the US was to develop a government that is allied to its forces.

The future of Iraq national building is bright because of the progressive improvements in key sectors of the economy. Economic growth is dependent on the security, politics, and the nature of the legal institutions (Jochen 34). However, this has improved after the US started the national building process. For example, the number of police officers with proper training has increased to about 400, 000. This is an important aspect in the economic recovery process because theft and security concerns have been addressed. With this progressive improvement of the key pillars of the economy, then it is worth noting that the national building process will be a success in the near future.

The nation building process spearheaded by the United States was a failure of its prime objective. The economic indicators in Iraq like the unemployment rate demonstrate that the country is far from achieving its lost glory. In this regard, it is not worthy for a country to undertake the nation building process as a foreign policy project. This is because foreigners direct the nation building process to specific items that they are interested parties. For example, out of the money pumped into the process, almost half of it was spent on military improvement (Brooks 17). This served the interest of the foreigners at the expense of improving the general lives of the Iraqis.

The stalemate at the top of the Iraq government is another justification of a failure in the nation building process. As mentioned earlier, the epitome of the 2003 invasions was to create a democratic space for the citizens or Iraq and end the dictatorial; leadership. This was due to the internal fight between the citizens allied to their respective political leaders. Currently, there is a political stalemate in the composition of the government regarding the position of minister to the interior and defense dockets. Both the Shi’ite and the Sunni are in contention on the criteria and who should be appointed by the newly elected Prime Minster Haider Al-Abadi (Brooks 17). As such, it is a clear indication that the nation building never achieved its purpose because the political structure, which was a problem before the invasion, is still an issue.

The nation building process should not be restored as a foreign initiative policy. This is because after the foreign nation deserts the country the problem will persist. In respect to the Iraq situation, the democratic government that was installed has gradually disintegrated into the dictatorial state. For example, before his loss of the elections, the Shiite Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki ordered an arrest of his deputy (Erhlich 19). Further, other Sunni leaders were threatened in the move perceived as the evolution of another dictator. Therefore, the process of national building can only be achieved if it is bestowed upon the civilians to chant their way forward. Conversely, the nation building process in Iraq was a failure because it was undertaken as a foreign policy strategy.

Works Cited

Brooks, Daniel. Nation Building Works. New York Times, 2010. Web.

Retrieved from

Erhlich, Dan. Disintegrating Iraqi Democracy Demarks Another US Nation Building Failure,        2011.Web. Retrieved from

Jochen, Hippler. Nation building a key concept for peaceful conflict transformation? Translated     by Barry Stone. London: Pluto, 2005. Print.

Mylonas, Harris. The Politics of Nation-Building: Making Co-Nationals, Refugees, and       Minorities. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012. Print.