Negative Effects of the Nile River
The Nile River is one vast geographic environment that has impacted the lives of many people living near or around the river. Despite being the longest river in the world and presenting immaculate positive effects of the Nile River, there are negative effects of the River that the 11 countries that rely on the river including Egypt have been experienced. These distinctive countries include Sudan, South Sudan, Burundi, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.
Nile River has made it easy for people with the basin to enjoy permanent supply of water for domestic, agricultural and industrial purposes. The great Egyptian civilization was developed out of the agrarian society and its endurance was mainly due to the Nile’s distinctive accumulation or flood pattern. The river flooding brought with it black loam, rich nutrients and mineral that made it easy for the delta and Nile valley farmers to grow different crops that usually produce great surplus. Through the Nile River transportation of the agriculture produce was also easy making it effective to trade these farm produces with other rare products.
All in all, the positive effects of the Nile River may be many, but there are also negative effects of the longest river not only in Africa, but also in the world. The core negative effect of the Nile River was an increase in population. Many people migrated from north, east and central parts of the Africa to come and witness the many benefits of natural wonders opened by the Nile River. The Nile valley has been one of the densely populated areas of Egypt as there was plenty of food, secure place for settlement and freshwater for bathing and drinking as well job opportunities as industries were been establishment within the Nile delta now and then .
Frequent floods affect many parts of Egypt and regions surrounding the river especially those living on the lower parts of the river. In case of floods, many people lost their properties, homes while other lost their lives. Many people were diagnosed frequently with dangerous diseases especially due to contaminated water and from rotting carcasses of animals after floods. Malaria and Nile valley fever were the common infection affecting many people living around the Nile. For many years, it has been a challenge to curb malaria due to the increased bred of mosquitos within the river basin.
Polluted water has also affected many people especially those living near industrial areas. Heavy metals like iron and cadmium are easily found in freshwater used for drinking. Attacks by water animals such as crocodiles or hippopotamus have been rampant in the river and many people have lost their lives while others suffer in silence as most of the cases are not reported. Wild animals that visit the river to drink water also attack residents and destroy their crops in the process.
To combat the negative effects of Nile River, the Egypt government and governments that have invested in Nile River need to enlighten it people on the benefits of the river and how to utilize it to satisfaction. Proper drainage strategies should be used by the nearby industries. Construction of the Aswan High Dam has helped greatly curb the floods and more facilities should also be embraced to control loss of valley bodies in case of heavy rains.
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