Oppositional Defiant Disorder
According to DSM-5, oppositional defiant disorder is a pattern of irritable or angry behavior or vindictiveness that lasts for at least six months and it is exhibited during the interaction with an individual that is not family member or sibling. For an individual to be diagnosed with oppositional defiant disorder, they must depict at least four symptoms.
This is very important because even best-behaved children can be challenging and difficult some times. However, if a teen or child depict a pattern of persistent tantrums, disruptive, angry or arguing behavior towards the parent or the authority figure something might be wrong and they could be suffering from oppositional defiant disorder.
Parents should not try to treat or manage the condition of the child with oppositional defiant disorder alone. There are counselors, experts in child development and doctors who can help. Several treatments including medication and therapies and training that can help in building positive interactions in the family can be used in treating the condition.
Oppositional defiant disorder is not an unusual condition for children. It is very common especially when the children are terrible twos or early teens. They tend to defy the authority in their families very often. To express defiance, children argue, disobey or talk back to the superiors, adults and teachers. If this behavior lasts for more than 6 months, it is important to conduct a doctor or counselor.
In simple terms, if a child displays a continuous pattern of being uncooperative, hostile, annoying behavior and defiant towards the authority, it means they are sick. The normal activities of a child on daily basis are disrupted by this behavior including school and home activities. Many teens and children suffering from oppositional defiant disorder depict different behavioral problems including hyperactivity disorder or attention-deficit disorder, mood disorders, learning disabilities as well as anxiety disorders. There are children with oppositional defiant disorder who eventually develop a complex behavior disorder known as conduct disorder.
Among the most common symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder include throwing temper tantrums repeatedly, arguing excessively with adults, refusing compliance with rules and requests actively, blaming other people for personal mistakes and seeking revenge as well as using obscene expressions among others. Apart from these symptoms, people suffering from this condition are easily frustrated, moody and always in low self-esteem.
The exact cause of oppositional defiant disorder is unknown but there are suggestions that genetic, environmental and biological factors can contribute to the development of the condition.
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