Pollution of the Nile River
Nile river has benefits many people for many decades. It is the longest river in the world that serves many nations. To be precise, it is an international river that serves eleven countries in Africa that include Tanzania, UGANDA, Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan and Egypt. The ancient Egyptians laid a foundation on the necessity of protecting and conserving the Nile. They paid incomparable attention to persevering Nile. Pollution was a major problem faced by the Nile River administration. There were different sources of pollution that affected the Nile water.
The Nile River was embedded into humane history and it was part of the historical civilization of the people living in its river basin. The river runs north through the Egypt into the Mediterranean Sea and provides Egypt and the surrounding countries with fresh water for domestic use, agriculture and industrial consumptions. Unluckily for many years, pollution has been the greatest threat to the success of the Nile River. There are numerous sources of pollution of the Nile River. Nevertheless, industrial pollution has great impact on the river’s ecosystem.
Pollution is one of the key factors that have made river Nile ineffective in meeting its many benefits. In fact, it has been a challenge to rest assured of clear and fresh water for domestic uses. Agriculture is common source of pollution within the river. Agricultural runoffs are quite harmful. These runoffs carry pollutants such as nutrients like nitrogen and phosphorous, pesticide residue and salts.
Agricultural pollutants can originate from any place and thus why they are usually known as non-pollutant. When these runoffs drain into the groundwater they can cause additional and harmful problems. Industrial wastewater is another source of pollution in the Nile River. Egypt is the most industrialized country in the north and it has been facing rapidly increasing deterioration of its surface and groundwater due to the large amount of polluted domestic and industrial seepages. The many Egypt communities and industries use large amount of water that is then discharged back to the river.
Many agro-industrial and small private industries in the many parties of Egypt also contribute to pollution. The water chemistry or quality is affected by hydrogenated oils and onion-drying factors. Heavy metal discharges by the chemical industries also affect water quality in the Nile River. Lead and cadmium are the common metals that were detected in the Nile and in finished drinking water. With the increasing population and establishment of many factories within the 11 countries that share Nile River, cases of water pollution are likely to increase.
The society need to know what happening on the Nile River. This is a great strategy to help the government and many other NGO initiatives playing great roles in eradicating pollution of the Nile River. Creating awareness on the effects of pollution presents a great way for protecting water resources not only within the Nile but also in many other available water sources in Africa and the world in general. Governmental should also come up with policies and rules to regulate discharge of harmful material into water basins.
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